Dog whelk - Nucella lapillus - General information
Image Judith Oakley - Group of Nucella lapillus and eggs on an overhang (the photograph is upside-down to aid identification). Image width ca XX cm.
Image copyright information
Have you seen Nucella lapillus?
If so please submit your record.
| Researched by:
||Dr Harvey Tyler-Walters
|| Refereed by:
||Dr John Crothers
||Snails, slugs, mussels, cockles, clams & squid
||Snails, slugs & sea butterflies
| Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland
||Common on all rocky coasts of Britain and Ireland.
| Habitat information
||Found on wave exposed to sheltered rocky shores from the mid shore downwards. Rarely present in the sublittoral but may be abundant in areas exposed to extremely strong tidal stress. They are gregarious and common amongst barnacles and mussels on which they feed.
||The shell is broadly conical, bearing spiral ridges and consisting of a short pointed spire, dominated by the last whorl. The shell is usually up to 3 cm in height by 2 cm broad but may reach up to 6 cm in height (Crothers, 1985). The shell colour is variable, usually white, but may be grey, brown, or yellow, occasionally with contrasting (usually brown) spiral banding. A short, open siphonal canal leads from base of the aperture. The outer lip of the aperture is thin in young specimens, becoming thickened and toothed internally with age. The shell shape, shell thickness and relative size of the aperture vary with wave exposure. In some populations, mainly sublittoral or from the intertidal in North Kent, the growth lines extend outwards to form flounces or ruffles, and this variety of dog whelk is called Nucella lapillus var. imbricata. The animal itself is white or cream coloured with white speckles, and a flattened head. The head bears two tentacles, each bearing a eye about one third of the length of the tentacle from its base. The egg capsules of Nucella lapillus are vase shaped, about 8mm high, usually yellow, and found attached to hard substrata in crevices and under overhangs.
This review can be cited as follows:
Dr Harvey Tyler-Walters 2007.
Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line].
Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.
Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesfullreview.php?speciesID=3913>