|General Information||Taxonomy and identification||General biology||Habitat preferences and distribution||Reproduction and longevity||Sensitivity||Importance|
Image Sue Scott - Sea pens, Virgularia mirabilis extending from muddy sediment. Image height ca 25 cm.
Image copyright information
Virgularia mirabilis is not listed under any importance categories.
|Researched by:||Jacqueline Hill and Emily Wilson||Refereed by:||This information is not refereed.|
|Phylum||Cnidaria||Sea anemones, corals, sea firs & jellyfish|
|Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland||Found of all British and Irish coasts but less frequent in the south.|
|Habitat information||Virgularia mirabilis lives in fine sediments (muddy sand to soft mud). The species is found in sheltered inshore waters, or in deeper water offshore, from 12 - 400 m depth. The species is often very abundant in sea lochs or man-made harbours.|
|Description||A slender sea pen up to 60 cm long with a central stem only a few millimetres thick. Retractile tentacled polyps are fused into small 'leaves' which are arranged in two opposing lateral rows on the central stem. The colony varies in colour from white to creamy yellow in colour. May luminesce in darkness.|
This review can be cited as follows:
Jacqueline Hill and Emily Wilson 2000. Virgularia mirabilis. Slender sea pen. Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Sub-programme [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 18/05/2013]. Available from: <http://www.marlin.ac.uk/speciesfullreview.php?speciesID=4579>