Chalice sponge (Phakellia ventilabrum)
|Researched by||Angus Jackson||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandRecorded from several sites on the west coast of Scotland and the Hebrides, from the very south western tip of Wales and scattered localities on western Irish coasts.
HabitatThe species is found characteristically in sheltered areas on lower circalittoral rock in the proximity of deeper waters.
- A cream / pale grey cup or fan shaped sponge.
- Attached to substratum by a narrow base.
- The outer rim of the sponge has a sharp edge.
Additional informationThis species is fairly similar in appearance to Axinella infundibuliformis but often larger and more brittle, with a sharp edge to the cup (rounded in Axinella infundibuliformis). The colour is pale grey compared to Axinella infundibuliformis which is pale yellow.
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Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid
Centre for Environmental Data and Recording, 2018. Ulster Museum Marine Surveys of Northern Ireland Coastal Waters. Occurrence dataset https://www.nmni.com/CEDaR/CEDaR-Centre-for-Environmental-Data-and-Recording.aspx accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-09-25.
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-11-28
This review can be cited as:
Last Updated: 14/06/2000