An erect bryozoan (Bugulina flabellata)
|Researched by||Susie Ballerstedt||Refereed by||Admin|
|Authority||(Thompson in Gray, 1848)|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||Bugula flabellata (Thompson in Gray, 1848)|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandRelatively common around the coast of Britain. Records are more abundant on the east coast of Ireland than the west coast.
Global distributionExtends from the North of Scotland to the Mediterranean.
- Colony erect, branching and attached by frontal, lateral and basal rhizoids.
- Colony 2-5 cm in height.
- Branches are broad, flat and wedge-shaped, arranged somewhat circularly.
- Buff colour when living, grey when dried.
- Marginal zooids bear 3 spines on outer distal corner, 2 spines on inner distal corner.
- Inner zooids bear 2 spines on both distal corners.
- Ancestrula has 3 proximal spines and a further 3 spines on each distal corner.
- Polypide has 14 tentacles.
- Ooecia are sub-globular and conspicuous.
Additional informationNo text entered
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Bruce, J.R., Colman, J.S. & Jones, N.S., 1963. Marine fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. 1998. Cheilostomatous Bryozoa. Part 1. Aeteoidea - Cribrilinoidea. Shrewsbury: Field Studies Council. [Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 10. (2nd edition)]
Hincks, T., 1880. A history of British marine Polyzoa, vol. I & II. London: John van Voorst.
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid
Fenwick, 2018. Aphotomarine. Occurrence dataset http://www.aphotomarine.com/index.html Accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-01
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-11-29
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Last Updated: 29/07/2004