MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

A sea slug (Polycera faeroensis)

Distribution data supplied by the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas.

Summary

Description

Polycera faeroensis has a slightly swollen, white translucent body up to 5 cm in length. The body may, but rarely posses round yellow spots. There are at least 8 yellow tipped oral veil processes, with a yellow tipped process either side of the gills which; in larger individuals, become flattened developing several larger points. Yellow pigmentation is also present in the tips of the rhinophores, propodial tentacles (anterior section of foot), oral lobes and gills.

Recorded distribution in Britain and Ireland

This species is commonly found on the west and south west coasts of Scotland, Wales, England and Ireland. It has also been recorded on the north east coast of Scotland and Ireland.

Global distribution

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Habitat

Polycera faeroensis can commonly be found feeding on erect bryozoans Crisia and Bugula sp. in shallow water on steep rock faces.

Depth range

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Identifying features

  • Up to 5 cm in length.
  • White translucent body.
  • At least 8 yellow tipped frontal processes on the oral veil.

Additional information

This species lays a white coiled ribbon spawn. It may be confused with Polycera quadrilineata, which has slightly darker yellow pigments and usually fewer frontal processes. Both Polycera faeroensis and Polycera quadrilineata can be found feeding on Membranipora membranacea (sea-mat) in the same location.

Listed by

- none -

Further information sources

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Bibliography

  1. Centre for Environmental Data and Recording, 2018.Ulster Museum Marine Surveys of Northern Ireland Coastal Waters. Occurrence dataset https://www.nmni.com/CEDaR/CEDaR-Centre-for-Environmental-Data-and-Recording.aspx accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-09-25.

  2. Conchological Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 2018. Mollusc (marine) data for Great Britain and Ireland - restricted access. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/4bsawx accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25.

  3. Conchological Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 2018. Mollusc (marine) data for Great Britain and Ireland. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/aurwcz accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25.

  4. Fenwick, 2018. Aphotomarine. Occurrence dataset http://www.aphotomarine.com/index.html Accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-01

  5. Fife Nature Records Centre, 2018. St Andrews BioBlitz 2015. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/xtrbvy accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-27.

  6. Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]

  7. JNCC (Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 1999. Marine Environment Resource Mapping And Information Database (MERMAID): Marine Nature Conservation Review Survey Database. [on-line] http://www.jncc.gov.uk/mermaid

  8. Manx Biological Recording Partnership, 2018. Isle of Man historical wildlife records 1990 to 1994. Occurrence dataset:https://doi.org/10.15468/aru16v accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01.

  9. National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Atlas website. Available from: http://www.nbnatlas.org.

  10. Naylor, P., 2000. Marine Animals of the South West. Plymouth: Sound Diving Publications

  11. Picton, B. E. & Morrow, C.C., 1994. A Field Guide to the Nudibranchs of the British Isles. London: Immel Publishing Ltd.

  12. Picton, B.E. & Costello, M.J., 1998. BioMar biotope viewer: a guide to marine habitats, fauna and flora of Britain and Ireland. [CD-ROM] Environmental Sciences Unit, Trinity College, Dublin.

  13. Thompson, T.E. & Brown, G.H., 1984. Biology of Opisthobranch Molluscs, vol. II. London: Ray Society.

Citation

This review can be cited as:

Rowley, S.J. 2008. Polycera faeroensis A sea slug. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [cited 16-10-2018]. Available from: https://www.marlin.ac.uk/species/detail/2133

Last Updated: 24/04/2008