MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Bibliography (A-Z)

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Kühne, S. & Rachor, E., 1996. The macrofauna of a stony sand area in the German Bight (North Sea). Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 50 (4), 433.

Künitzer, A., Basford, D., Craeymeersch, J.A., Dewarumez, J.M., Derjes, J., Duinevald, G.C.A., Eleftheriou, A., Heip, C, Herman, P., Kingston, P., Neirmann, U., Rachor, E., Rumohr, H. & Wilde, P.A.J. de, 1992. The benthic infauna of the North Sea: species distribution and assemblages. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 49, 127-143.

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Kadolsky, D., 2012. Nomenclatural comments on non-marine molluscs occuring in the British Isles. Journal of Conchology, 41 (1), 65-90.

Kain, J.M., 1964. Aspects of the biology of Laminaria hyperborea III. Survival and growth of gametophytes. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 44 (2), 415-433.

Kain, J.M., 1984. Seasonal growth of two subtidal species of Rhodophyta off the Isle of Man. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 82 (2), 207-220.

Kain, J.M. & Dawes, C.P., 1987. Useful European seaweeds: past hopes and present cultivation. Hydrobiologia, 151/152, 173-181.

Kain, J.M. & Destombe, C., 1995. A review of the life history, reproduction and phenology of Gracilaria. Journal of Applied  Phycology, 7 (3), 269-281.

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Kain, J.M., 1982. The reproductive phenology of nine species of the Rhodophycota in the subtidal region of the Isle of Man. British Phycological Journal, 17, 321-331.

Kain, J.M., 1987. Photoperiod and temperature as triggers in the seasonality of Delesseria sanguinea. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 41, 355-370.

Kain, J.M., 1991. The dithering males of Delesseria. British Phycological Journal, 26, 90.

Kain, J.M., 1967. Populations of Laminaria hyperborea at various latitudes. Helgolander Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 15, 489-499.

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Kain, J.M., 1971a. Synopsis of biological data on Laminaria hyperborea. FAO Fisheries Synopsis, no. 87.

Kain, J.M., 1971b. The biology of Laminaria hyperborea VI Some Norwegian populations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 51, 387-408.

Kain, J.M., 1996. Photoperiodism in Delesseria sanguinea (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) 1. The phases and sexes differ. Phycologia, 35, 446-455.

Kain, J.M., 1965. Aspects of the biology of Laminaria hyperborea. IV. Growth of early sporophytes. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 45 (1), 129-142.

Kain, J.M., 1975a. Algal recolonization of some cleared subtidal areas. Journal of Ecology, 63, 739-765.

Kain, J.M., 1979. A view of the genus Laminaria. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 17, 101-161.

Kain, J.M., & Bates, M.J., 1993. The reproductive phenology of Delesseria sanguinea and Odonthalia dentata off the Isle of Man. European Journal of Phycology, 28, 173-182

Kain, J.M., & Norton, T.A., 1990. Marine Ecology. In Biology of the Red Algae, (ed. K.M. Cole & Sheath, R.G.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kain, J.M., Drew, E.A. & Jupp, B.P., 1975. Light and the ecology of Laminaria hyperborea II. In Proceedings of the Sixteenth Symposium of the British Ecological Society, 26-28 March 1974. Light as an Ecological Factor: II (ed. G.C. Evans, R. Bainbridge & O. Rackham), pp. 63-92. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.

Kain, J.M., Holt, T.J. & Dawes, C.P., 1990. European Laminariales and their cultivation. In Economically important marine plants of the Atlantic: their biology and cultivation, (ed. C. Yarish, C.A. Penniman and P. van Patten). Connecticut Sea Grant College Program. Groton.

Kaiser, M. & Beadman, H., 2002. Scoping study of the carrying capacity for bivalve cultivation in the coastal waters of Great Britain. The Crown Estate. Interim Report.

Kaiser, M., Broad, G. & Hall, S., 2001. Disturbance of intertidal soft-sediment benthic communities by cockle hand raking. Journal of Sea Research, 45 (2), 119-130.

Kaiser, M., Clarke, K., Hinz, H., Austen, M., Somerfield, P. & Karakassis, I., 2006. Global analysis of response and recovery of benthic biota to fishing. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 311, 1-14.

Kaiser, M.J. & Spencer, B.E., 1994. Fish scavenging behaviour in recently trawled areas. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 112 (1-2), 41-49.

Kaiser, M.J. & Spencer, B.E., 1996. The effects of beam-trawl disturbance on infaunal communities in different habitats. Journal of Animal Ecology, 65, 348-358.

Kaiser, M.J. & Spencer, B.E., 1995. Survival of by-catch from a beam trawl. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 126, 31-38.

Kaiser, M.J., 1996. Starfish damage as an indicator of trawling intensity. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 134, 303-307.

Kaiser, M.J., & Spencer, B.E., 1994a. A preliminary assessment of the immediate effects of beam trawling on a benthic community in the Irish Sea. In Environmental impact of bottom gears on benthic fauna in relation to natural resources management and protection of the North Sea. (ed. S.J. de Groot & H.J. Lindeboom). NIOZ-Rapport, 11, 87-94.

Kaiser, M.J., Cheney, K., Spence, F.E., Edwards, D.B. & Radford, K., 1999. Fishing effects in northeast Atlantic shelf seas: patterns in fishing effort, diversity and community structure VII. The effects of trawling disturbance on the fauna associated with the tubeheads of serpulid worms. Fisheries Research (Amsterdam), 40, 195-205.

Kaiser, M.J., Ramsay, K. & Hughes, R.N., 1998. Can fisheries influence interspecific competition in sympatric populations of hermit crabs? Journal of Natural History, 32, 521-531.

Kaiser, M.J., Ramsay, K., Richardson, C.A., Spence, F.E. & Brand, A.R., 2000. Chronic fishing disturbance has changed shelf sea benthic community structure. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 494-503.

Kaliszewicz, A., Panteleeva, N., Olejniczak, I., Boniecki, P. and Sawicki, M., 2012. Internal brooding affects the spatial structure of intertidal sea anemones in the Arctic-boreal region. Polar biology, 35 (12), pp.1911-1919.

Kalmijn, A.J., 1971. The Electric Sense of Sharks and Rays. Journal of Experimental Biology, 55 (2), 371.

Kalmijn, A.J., 1982. Electric and magnetic field detection in elasmobranch fishes. Science, 218 (4575), 916.

Kamenos N.A., Moore P.G. & Hall-Spencer J.M. 2003. Substratum heterogeneity of dredged vs un-dredged maerl grounds. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 83(02), 411-413.

Kamenos N.A., Moore P.G. & Hall-Spencer J.M. 2004a. Attachment of the juvenile queen scallop (Aequipecten opercularis (L.)) to maerl in mesocosm conditions; juvenile habitat selection. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 306(2), 139-155.

Kamenos N.A., Moore P.G. & Hall-Spencer J.M. 2004b. Maerl grounds provide both refuge and high growth potential for juvenile queen scallops (Aequipecten opercularis L.). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 313(2), 241-254.

Kamenos N.A., Moore P.G. & Hall-Spencer J.M. 2004c. Nursery-area function of maerl grounds for juvenile queen scallops Aequipecten opercularis and other invertebrates. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 274, 183-189.

Kamenskaya, O.E., 1977. Amphipods in the fouling of hydrotechnical installations in the sea of Japan. Soviet Journal of Marine Biology, 3, 375-379.

Kamer, K. & Fong, P., 2001. Nitrogen enrichment ameliorates the negative effects of reduced salinity on green macroalga Enteromorpha intestinalis. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 218, 87-93.

Kamermans, P., 1993. Food limitation in cockles (Cerastoderma edule (L.)): influences of location on tidal flat and of nearby presence of mussel beds. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 31 (1), 71-81.

Kamermans, P. & Huitema, H.J., 1994. Shrimp (Crangon crangon L.) browsing upon siphon tips inhibits feeding and growth in the bivalve Macoma balthica (L.). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 175, 59-75.

Kamermans, P., Malta, E.-j., Verschuure, J.M., Lentz, L.F. & Schrijvers, L., 1998. Role of cold resistance and burial for winter survival and spring initiation of an Ulva spp.(Chlorophyta) bloom in a eutrophic lagoon (Veerse Meer lagoon, The Netherlands). Marine Biology, 131 (1), 45-51.

Kammermans, P., 1994. Similarity in food source and timing of feeding in deposit and suspension feeding bivalves. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 104, 63-73.

Kamphausen, L., 2015, Loch Teacuis serpulid survey March 2015. Post survey summary. 

Kamphausen, L.M., 2012. The reproductive processes of a wild population of the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis in the Solent. UK. Ph.D. thesis. University of Southampton. UK. 153 pp.

Kanakaraju, D., Jios, C. & Long, S.M., 2008. Heavy metal concentrations in the razor clam (Solen spp) from Muara Tebas, Sarawak. The Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 12 (1), 53-57.

Kang, E.J., Scrosati, R.A. & Garbary, D.J., 2013. Physiological ecology of photosynthesis in Prasiola stipitata (Trebouxiophyceae) from the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Phycological Research, 61 (3), 208-216.

Kang, P.A., Bae, P.A. & Pyen, C.K., 1978. Studies on the suspended culture of oyster, Crassostrea gigas in the Korean coastal waters. 5 On the fouling organisms associated with culturing oyster culture farms in Chungmu. Bulletin of the Fisheries Development Agency, Busan, 20, 121-127.

Kangas, P., Auction, H., Hallfors, G., Luther, H., Niemi, A. & Salemma, H., 1982. A general model for the decline of Fucus vesiculosus at Tvärminne, south coast of Finland in 1977-81. Acta Botanica Fennica, 118, 1-27.

Kanisch, G. & Nagel, G., 1991. Radioaktivitat in Fischen aus der Nordsee. , 38(4), 32-39.

Kanisch, G., Neumann, G. & Ilus, E., 1995. Radionuclides In Biota. In: Radioactivity In The Baltic Sea 1984 - 1991. Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings, No. 61 pp. 93-120.

Kant, P., Pinkster, S. & Stock, J.H., 1968. Sur la présence, en Méditerranèe, de Pectenogammarus planicrurus Reid, 1940. Vie et Milieu, 19, 206-209.

Kantrud, H.A., 1991. Wigeongrass (Ruppia maritima L.): a literature review. [On-line.] http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/literatr/ruppia/ruppia.htm, 2001-10-19

Kantrud, H.A., 1990. Sago pondweed (Potamogeton pectinatus L.): a literature review. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Fish & Wildlife Resource Publication no. 176, version 16 July 1997. [On-line] http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/literatr/pondweed/pondweed.htm, 2002-07-03

Kaplan, S.W., 1984. The association between the sea anemone Metridium senile (L) and the mussel Mytilus edulis (L): reduced predation by the starfish Asterias forbessi (Desor). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 155-157.

Karakassis, I., Tsapakis, M., Hatziyanni, E., Papadopoulou, K. & Plaiti, W., 2000. Impact of cage farming of fish on the seabed in three Mediterranean coastal areas. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 1462-1471.

Karasev, A.B., Mitenev, V.K. & Shulman, B.S., 1996. Ecological peculiarities of the parasite fauna of cod and pollock in the vicinity of the Kislaya Inlet tidal power plant, western Murman (the Barents Sea) Sarsia, 80(4), 307-312.

Karbe, L., 1972. Marine Hydroiden als testorganismen zur prüfung der toxizität von abwasserstoffen. Die wirkung von schwermetallen auf kolonien von Eirene viridula (summary only). Marine Biology, 12, 316-328.

Karez, R., Engelbert, S., Kraufvelin, P., Pedersen, M.F. & Sommer, U., 2004. Biomass response and changes in composition of ephemeral macroalgal assemblages along an experimental gradient of nutrient enrichment. Aquatic Botany, 78 (2), 103-117.

Karlson, K., Rosenberg, R. & Bonsdorff, E., 2002. Temporal and spatial large - scale effects of eutrophication and oxygen deficiency on benthic fauna in scandinavian and baltic waters - a review. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 40, 427-489.

Karlsson, J., 1988. Sargassosnäirje, Sargassum muticum--ny alg i Sverige. Svensk botanisk tidskrift.. 82,199-205.

Karlsson J., & Loo, L. O., 1999. On the distribution and continuous expansion of the Japanese seaweed - Sargassum muticum - in Sweden.  Botanica Marina, 42, 285–294.

Karlsson, K. & Christiansen, M.E., 1996. Occurrence and population composition of the edible crab (Cancer pagurus) on rocky shores of an islet on the south coast of Norway. Sarsia, 81, 307-314.

Karsten, U., 2007. Research note: salinity tolerance of Arctic kelps from Spitsbergen. Phycological Research, 55 (4), 257-262.

Karsten, U., Dummermuth, A., Hoyer, K. & Wiencke, C., 2003. Interactive effects of ultraviolet radiation and salinity on the ecophysiology of two Arctic red algae from shallow waters. Polar Biology, 26 (4), 249-258.

Kaschl, A. & Carballeira, A., 1999. Behavioural responses of Venerupis decussata (Linnaeus, 1758) and Venerupis pullastra (Montagu, 1803) to copper spiked marine sediments. Boletin. Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia, 15, 383-394.

Kashenko, S., 2007. Adaptive responses of embryos and larvae of the heart-shaped sea urchin Echinocardium cordatum to temperature and salinity changes. Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 33 (6), 381-390.

Kashenko, S.D., 2006. Resistance of the heart sea urchin Echinocardium cordatum (Echinoidea: Spatangoida) to extreme environmental changes. Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 32 (6), 386-388.

Kashenko, S.D., 1994. Larval development of the heart urchin Echinocardium cordatum feeding on different macroalgae. Biologiya Morya, 20, 385-389.

Katayama, K. & Ikeda, Z., 1987. Tolerance of fresh water, hot water, and sun-drying by Didemnum moseleyi, fouling organisms attached to culture oyster. Bulletin of the Fisheries Experiment Station, Okayama Prefecture, 2, 104-106.

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Kattner, G., Wehrtmann, I.S. & Merck, T., 1994. Interannual variations of lipids and fatty acids during larval development of Crangon spp. in the German Bight, North Sea. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 107B, 103-110.

Katwijk van, M.M., Schmitz, G.H.W., Gasseling, A.P., & Avesaath van, P.H., 1999. Effects of salinity and nutrient load and their interaction on Zostera marina. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 190, 155-165.

Katz, M.J., 1983. Comparative anatomy of the tunicate tadpole Ciona intestinalis. Biological Bulletin, 164, 1-27.

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Kautsky, N., 1981. On the trophic role of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis L.) in a Baltic coastal ecosystem and the fate of the organic matter produced by the mussels. Kieler Meeresforschungen Sonderheft, 5, 454-461.

Kautsky, N., Kautsky, H., Kautsky, U. & Waern, M., 1986. Decreased depth penetration of Fucus vesiculosus (L.) since the 1940s indicates eutrophication of the Baltic Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 28, 1-8.

Kay, AM., & Keough, M.J., 1981. Occupation of patches in the epifaunal communities on pier pilings and the bivalve Pinna bicolor at Edithburgh, South Australia. Oecologia, 48, 123-130

Kay, P. & Dipper, F. , 2009. A field guide of the marine fishes of Wales and adjacent waters. Marine Wildlife, Llanfairfechan.

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Keats, D.W., South, G.R. & Steele, D.H. 1990. Effects of an experimental reduction in grazing by green sea urchins on a benthic macroalgal community in eastern Newfoundland Marine Ecology Progress Series, 68, 181-193

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Kędra, M., Gromisz, S., Jaskuła, R., Legeżyńska, J., Maciejewska, B., Malec, E., Opanowski, A., Ostrowska, K., Włodarska-Kowalczuk, M. & Węsławski, J., 2010. Soft bottom macrofauna of an All Taxa Biodiversity Site: Hornsund (77○ N, Svalbard). Polish Polar Research, 31 (4), 309-326.

Keegan, B. F. & Könnecker, G. (1980). Aggregation in echinoderms on the West coast of Ireland. An ecological perspective. Echinoderms: present and past, AA Balkema Rotterdam: 199.

Keegan, B.F. & Mercer, J.P., 1986. An oceanographic survey of Killary Harbour on the west coast of Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 86B, 1-70.

Keegan, B.F., 1974. The macro fauna of maerl substrates on the west coast of Ireland. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, XV, 513-530.

Keegan, B.F., O'Connor, B.D.S. & Könnecker, G.F., 1985. Littoral and benthic investigations on the west coast of Ireland - XX. Echinoderm aggregations. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section B- Biological, Geological and Chemical Science, 85B(7), 91-99.

Kehayias, G., 2015. Spatial and temporal variation of Branchiostoma lanceolatum larvae (Cephalochordata) in a hypoxic bay. Biologia, 70 (9), 1234-1244.

Keilty, T.J. White, D.S. & Landrum, P.F., 1988. Sublethal responses to endrin in sediment by Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri (Tubificidae), and in mixed-culture with Stylodrilus heringianus (Lumbriculidae). Aquatic Toxicology, 13, 227-250.

Kelly, D.L., 1974. Aspects of the reproductive ecology of three solitary ascidians, Ciona intestinalis (L.), Styela plicata (L.), and Styela clava (H.), from Southern California. Master's thesis, California State University.

Kelly, J.R. & Nixon, S., 1984. Experimental studies of the effect of organic deposition on the metabolism of a coastal marine bottom community. Marine ecology progress series. Oldendorf, 17 (2), 157-169.

Kelly, J.R. & Volpe, J.P., 2007. Native eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) survival and growth adjacent to non-native oysters (Crassostrea gigas Thunberg) in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia. Botanica Marina, 50 (3), 143-150.

Kelly, M., Owen, P. & Pantazis, P., 2001. The commercial potential of the common sea urchin Echinus esculentus from the west coast of Scotland. Hydrobiologia, 465 (1-3), 85-94.

Kelly, M., Owen, P. & Pantazis, P., 2001. The commercial potential of the common sea urchin Echinus esculentus from the west coast of Scotland. Hydrobiologia, 465 (1-3), 85-94.  

Kelly, M.S. & Cook, E.J., 2001. The ecology of Psammechinus miliaris. In Edible sea urchins: biology and ecology, (ed. J.M. Lawrence), pp. 217-224. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.

Kelly, M.S. & McKenzie, J.D., 1995. A survey of the occurrence and morphology of sub-cuticular bacteria in shelf echinoderms from the north-east Atlantic. Marine Biology, 123, 741-756.

Kelly, M.S., 2001. Environmental parameters controlling gametogenesis in the echinoid Psammechinus miliaris. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 266, 67-80.

Kelly, M.S., 2000. The reproductive cycle of the sea urchin Psammechinus miliaris (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) in a Scottish sea loch. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 80, 909-919.

Kelly, M.S., Brodie, C.C., & McKenzie, J.D., 1998. Somatic and gonadal growth of the sea urchin Psammechinus miliaris (Gmelin) maintained in polyculture with the Atlantic salmon. Journal of Shellfish Research, 17, 1557-1562.

Kelly, M.S., Hunter, A.J., Scholfield, C. & McKenzie, J.D., 2000. Morphology and survivorship of larval Psammechinus miliaris in response to varying food conditions. Aquaculture, 183, 233-240.

Kelly. C, Glegg, G.A. and Speedie, C.D., 2004. Management of marine wildlife disturbance. Ocean & Coastal Management, 47, 1-19.

Kempf, M., 1962. Recherches d’écologie comparée sur Paracentrotus lividus (Lmk.) et Arbacia lixula (L.). Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d'Endoume, 25 (39), 47-115.

Kempster, R.M. & Collin, S.P., 2011. Electrosensory pore distribution and feeding in the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus(Lamniformes: Cetorhinidae). Aquatic Biology, 12 (1), 33-36.

Kenchington, E., Murillo, F.J., Cogswell, A. & Lirette, C., 2011. Development of Encounter Protocols and Assessment of Significant Adverse Impact by Bottom Trawling for Sponge Grounds and Sea Pen Fields in the NAFO Regulatory Area. NAFO, Dartmouth, NS, Canada,  51 pp. http://search.proquest.com/docview/1020851501?accountid=28412 http://archive.nafo.int/open/sc/2011/scr11-075.pdf

Kenchington, E.L.R., Gilkinson, K.D., MacIsaac, K.G., Bourbonnais-Boyce, C., Kenchington, T.J., Smith, S.J. & Gordon Jr, D.C., 2006. Effects of experimental otter trawling on benthic assemblages on Western Bank, northwest Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Sea Research, 56 (3), 249-270.

Kenchington, E.L.R., Prena, J., Gilkinson, K.D., Gordon, D.C., Macisaac, K., Bourbonnais, C.; Schwinghamer, P.J., Rowell, T.W., McKeown, D.L. & Vass, W.P., 2001. Effects of experimental otter trawling on the macrofauna of a sandy bottom ecosystem on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 58, 1043-1057.

Kendall, M.A. & Bedford, M.L., 1987. Reproduction and recruitment of the barnacle Chthamalus montagui at Aberystwyth (mid-Wales). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 38, 305-308.

Kendall, M.A., 1987. The age and size structure of some northern populations of the trochid gastropod Monodonta lineata. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 53, 213-222.

Kendall, M.A., Bowman, R.S., Williamson, P. & Lewis, J.R., 1985. Annual variation in the recruitment of Semibalanus balanoides on the North Yorkshire coast 1969-1981. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 65, 1009-1030.

Kendall, M.A., Williamson, P. & Garwood, P.R., 1987. Annual variation in recruitment and population structure of Monodonta lineata and Gibbula umbilicalis populations at Aberaeron, mid-Wales. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 24, 499-511.

Kendrick, G. A., & Walker, D. I., 1995. Dispersal of propagules of Sargassum spp. (Sargassaceae: Phaeophyta): Observations of local patterns of dispersal and consequences for recruitment and population structure. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 192(2), 273 - 288.

Kendrick, G.A., 1991. Recruitment of coralline crusts and filamentous turf algae in the Galapagos archipelago: effect of simulated scour, erosion and accretion. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 147 (1), 47-63

Kennedy, B.S & Mihursky, J.A., 1972. Effects of temperature in the respiratory metabolism of three Chesapeake bivalves. Chesapeake Science, 13, 1-22.

Kennedy, C.R., 1966. The life history of Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri Clap. (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae) and its adaptive significance. Oikos, 17, 158-168.

Kennedy, C.R., 1965. The distribution and habitat of Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri Claparède (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae). Oikos, 16, 26-28.

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Kennedy, R.J. & Roberts, D., 1999. A survey of the current status of the flat oyster Ostrea edulis in Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland, with a view to the restoration of its Oyster Beds.. Biology and
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Kennedy, V.H., Horrill, A.D. & Livens, F.R., 1988. Radioactivity and wildlife. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, NCC/NERC Contract HF 3-08-21 (10). TFS Project T07006GL., Merlewood Research Station.

Kennelly, S.J., 1987. Inhibition of kelp recruitment by turfing algae and consequences for an Australian kelp community. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 112 (1), 49-60.

Kennison, R.L. & Fong, P., 2013. High amplitude tides that result in floating mats decouple algal distribution from patterns of recruitment and nutrient sources. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 494, 73-86.

Kenny, A.J. & Rees, H.L., 1996. The effects of marine gravel extraction on the macrobenthos: results 2 years post-dredging. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 32 (8-9), 615-622.

Kenny, A.J. & Rees, H.L., 1996. The effects of marine gravel extraction on the macrobenthos: results 2 years post-dredging. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 32 (8-9), 615-622.

Kenny, A.J. & Rees, H.L., 1994. The effects of marine gravel extraction on the macrobenthos: early post dredging recolonisation. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 28, 442-447.

Kenworthy, W.J., Fonseca, M.S., Whitfield, P.E. & Hammerstrom, K.K., 2002. Analysis of seagrass recovery in experimental excavations and propeller-scar disturbances in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Journal of Coastal Research, 37, 75-85.

Keough, M.J. & Chernoff, H., 1987. Dispersal and population variation in the bryozoan Bugula neritina. Ecology, 68, 199 - 210.

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