information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Bibliography (A-Z)

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Mackie, A.M., 1987. Preliminary studies on the chemical defences of the British octocorals Alcyonium digitatum and Pennatula phosphorea. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 86A, 629-632

Mackie, A.M., 1998. Preliminary studies on the chemical defences of British octocorals Alcyonium digitatum and Pennatula phosphorea. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A- Physiology, 86, 629-632.

Mackie, A.M., Lasker, R. & Grant, P.T., 1968. Avoidance reactions of the mollusc Buccinum undatum to saponin-like surface-active substances in extracts of the starfish Asterias rubens and Marthasterias glacialis. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 26, 415.

Mackie, A.S.Y., 1990. Offshore benthic communities of the Irish Sea. In The Irish Sea: an environmental review. Part 1: nature conservation, ed. Irish Sea Study Group, pp. 169-218. Liverpool, Liverpool University Press for Irish Sea Study Group.

Mackie, A.S.Y., James, J.W.C., Rees, E.I.S., Darbyshire, T., Philpott, S.L., Mortimer, K., Jenkins, G.O. & Morando, A., 2006. Biomôr 4. The outer Bristol Channel marine habitat study. , Cardiff: National Museum Wales.

Mackie, A.S.Y., Oliver, P.G. & Rees, E.I.S., 1995. Benthic biodiversity in the southern Irish Sea. Studies in Marine Biodiversity and Systematics from the National Museum of Wales. BIOMOR Reports, no. 1.

Mackie, G. & Bone, Q., 1976. Skin impulses and locomotion in an ascidian tadpole. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 56 (03), 751-768.

Mackie, G.L., 1984. Bivalves. In The Mollusca, vol. 7, Reproduction, (ed. A.S. Tompa, N.H. Verdonk & J.A.M. van den Biggelaar), pp. 351-418. New York: Academic Press Inc.

Mackie, J.A., Keough, M.J. & Christidis, L., 2006. Invasion patterns inferred from cytochrome oxidase I sequences in three bryozoans, Bugula neritina, Watersipora subtorquata, and Watersipora arcuata. Marine Biology, 149, 285-295.

Mackin, J.G., 1961. Canal dredging and silting in Louisiana bays. Publications of the Institute of Marine Science, 7, 262-314.

Macleod, C. K., Moltschaniwskyj, N.A. & Crawford, C.M. (2008). Ecological and functional changes associated with long-term recovery from organic enrichment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 365: 17-24.

Macleod C.K. and Eriksen, R.S., 2009. A review of the ecological impacts of selected antibiotics and antifoulants currently used in the Tasmanian salmonid farming industry (Marine Farming Phase). Fisheries Research and Development Corporation and University of Tasmania, Project, no. 2007/246.

Macleod, C.K., Moltschaniwskyj, N.A. & Crawford, C.M., 2008. Ecological and functional changes associated with long-term recovery from organic enrichment. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 365, 17-24.

Madden, B., Jennings, E. & Jeffrey, D.W., 1993. Distribution and ecology of Zostera in Co. Dublin. The Irish Naturalists' Journal, 24, 303-310.

Maddock, A., 2008. UK Biodiversity Action Plan; Priority Habitat Descriptions. UK Biodiversity Action Plan, 94pp

Madlener, J.C., 1977. The sea vegetable book. New York: Clarkson N. Potter.

Madsen, J., 1988. Autumn feeding ecology of herbivorous wildfowl in the Danish Wadden Sea and impact of food supplies and shooting on migration. Danish Review of Game Biology, 13, 1-32.

Madsen, K.N., 1992. Effects of arsenic on survival and metabolism of Crangon crangon. Marine Biology, 113, 37-44.

Madsen, P.B. & Jensen, K., 1987. Population dynamics of Macoma balthica in the Danish Wadden Sea in an organically enriched area. Ophelia, 27, 197-208.

Madsen, T.V. & Maberly, S.C., 1990. A comparison of air and water as environments for photosynthesis by the intertidal alga Fucus spiralis (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology, 26 (1), 24-30.

Maes, P., Jangoux, M., & Fenaux, L., 1986. La maladie de l''oursin-chauve': Ultrastructure des lésions et charactérisation de leur pigmentation. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique. Nouvelle série, 62, 37-45.

Maggs, C.A., 1990. Taxonomy of phyllophoroid algae: the implications of life history.  Thirteenth International Seaweed Symposium, Springer,   pp. 119-124.

Maggs, C.A. & Guiry, M.D., 1989. A re-evaluation of the crustose red algal genus Cruoria and the family Cruoriaceae. British Phycological Journal, 24, 253-269

Maggs, C.A. & Guiry, M.D., 1987. Gelidiella calcicola sp. nov. (Rhodophyta) from the British Isles and northern France. British Phycological Journal, 22, 417-434.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H., 1993. Seaweeds of the British Isles: Volume 1 Rhodophycota Part 3A Ceramiales. London: Natural History Museum, Her Majesty's Stationary Office.

Maggs, C.A. & Pueschel, C.M., 1989. Morphology and development of Ahnfeltia plicata (Rhodophyta) : proposal of Ahnfeltiales ord. nov. Journal of Phycology, 25, 333-351.

Maggs, C.A. & Stegenga, H., 1998. Red algal exotics on North Sea coasts. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 52 (3), 243-258.

Maggs, C.A., 2005b. Green sea fingers Codium fragile subsp. tomentosoides. Marine Aliens project. [On-line],

Maggs, C.A., 2005a. Wakame Undaria pinnatifida. Marine Aliens pages. [On-line],

Maggs, C.A., Ward, B.A., McIvor, L.M., Evans, C.M., Rueness, J. & Stanhope, M.J., 2002. Molecular analyses elucidate the taxonomy of fully corticated, nonspiny species of Ceramium (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) in the British Isles. Phycologia, 41, 409-420.

Magne, F., 1974. Peuplement d'un substrat calcaire dans la zone intercotidale. Bulletin. Société phycologique de France. Paris, 19, 121-128.

Magnhagen, C. & Forsgren, E., 1991. Behavioural responses to different types of predators by sand goby Pomatoschistus minutus: An experimental study. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 70, 11-16.

Magorrian, B.H. & Service, M., 1998. Analysis of underwater visual data to identify the impact of physical disturbance on horse mussel (Modiolus modiolus) beds. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 36, 354-359.

Magorrian, B.H., Service, M., & Clarke, W., 1995. An acoustic bottom classification of Strangford Lough, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 75, 987-992.

Mahoney, J.B. & Steimle, F.W. Jr., 1979. A mass mortality of marine animals associated with a bloom of Ceratium tripos in the New York Bight. In: Proceedings of the second International Conference on Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms, Key Biscayne, Florida, October 31 - November 5, 1978. Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms (ed. D.L. Taylor & H.H. Seliger), pp. 225-230. New York: Elsevier/North-Holland.

Mai, K.S., Mercer, J.P. & Donlon, J., 1996. Comparative studies of on the nutrition of 2 species of Abalone, Haliotis tuberculata and Haliotis discus Hanni-Ino. 5. The role of poly-unsaturated fatty acids in macroalgae in Abalone nutrition. Aquaculture, 139, 77-89.

Maier, C., 2008. High recovery potential of the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa. Coral Reefs, 27 (4), 821-821.

Main, K., 1982. The early development of two ovalid snails, Simnia aequalis and Simnia barbarensis. The Veliger, 24, 252-258.

Mainwaring, K., Tillin, H. & Tyler-Walters, H., 2014. Assessing the sensitivity of blue mussel beds to pressures associated with human activities. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, JNCC Report No. 506., Peterborough, 96 pp.

Mair, J.M., Moore, C.G., Kingston, P.F. & Harries, D.B. , 2000. A review of the status, ecology and conservation of horse mussel Modiouls modiolus beds in Scotland. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report.   F99PA08.

Majeed, S.A., 1987. Organic-matter and biotic indexes on the beaches of North Brittany. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 18, 490-495.

Major, W.W., III, Grue, C.E., Grassley, J.M. & Conquest, L.L., 2004. Non-target impacts to eelgrass from treatments to control Spartina in Willapa Bay, Washington. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 42 (1), 11-17.

Makings, P., 1977. A guide to the British coastal Mysidacea. Field Studies, 4, 575-595.

Makra, A. &  Keegan, B. F. (1999). Arm regeneration in Acrocnida brachiata (Ophiuroidea) at Little Killary, west coast of Ireland. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 99 (2) 95-102.

Malm, T., 1999. Distribution patterns and ecology of Fucus serratus L. and Fucus vesiculosus L. in the Baltic Sea. PhD thesis,  Stockholm University.

Malm, T. & Kautsky, L., 2003. Differences in life-history characteristics are consistent with the vertical distribution pattern of Fucus serratus and Fucus vesiculosus (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in the central Baltic Sea. Journal of Phycology, 39 (5), 880-887.

Malm, T., Kautsky, L. & Engkvist, R., 2001. Reproduction, recruitment and geographical distribution of Fucus serratus L. in the Baltic Sea. Botanica Marina, 44 (2), 101-108.

Mancusi, C., Clo, S., Affronte, M., Bradai, M.N., Hemida, F., Serena, F., Soldo, A. & Vacchi, M., 2005. On the presence of basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) in the Mediterranean Sea. Cybium, 29 (4), 399-405.

Mangialajo, L., Chiantore, M. & Cattaneo-Vietti, R., 2008. Loss of fucoid algae along a gradient of urbanisation, and structure of benthic assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 358, 63.

Mangum, C. & Van Winkle, W., 1973. Responses of aquatic invertebrates to declining oxygen conditions. American Zoologist, 13 (2), 529-541.

Mangum, C. & Van Winkle, W., 1973. Responses of aquatic invertebrates to declining oxygen conditions. American Zoologist, 13 (2), 529-541.

Manjon-Cabeza, M.E. & Garcia-Raso, J.E., 1998. Population structure and growth of the hermit crab Diogenes pugilator (Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae) from the northeastern Atlantic. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 18, 753-762

Mann, K.H. & Drinkwater, K.F., 1994. Environmental influences on fish and shellfish production in the Northwest Atlantic. Environmental Review, 2, 16-32.

Mann, K.H., 1972. Ecological energetics of the seaweed zone in a marine bay on the Atlantic coast of Canada. I. Zonation and biomass of seaweeds. Marine Biology, 12, 1-10.

Mann, K.H., 1982. Kelp, sea urchins, and predators: a review of strong interactions in rocky subtidal systems of eastern Canada, 1970-1980. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 16, 414-423.

Mann, R. & Harding, J.M., 2000. Invasion of the North American Atlantic coast by a large predatory Asian mollusc. Biological Invasions, 2 (1), 7-22.

Mann, R. & Harding, J.M., 2003. Salinity tolerance of larval Rapana venosa: implications for dispersal and establishment of an invading predatory gastropod on the North American Atlantic coast. The Biological Bulletin, 204 (1), 96-103.

Mann, R. & Wolf C., 1983. Swimming behaviour of larvae of the Ocean Quahog Arctica islandica in response to pressure and temperature. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 13, 211 -218.

Mann, R., 1979. The effect of temperature on growth, physiology, and gametogenesis in the Manila clam Tapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeves, 1850), Journal of Eperimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 38, 121-133.

Mann, R., Harding, J.M. & Powell, E.N., 2005. Recruitment patterns of the ocean quahog, Arctica islandica, in the Mid Atlantic Bight as illustrated by sized and age structure. Journal of Shellfish Research, 24 (2), 665.

Mann, R., Harding, J.M. & Westcott, E., 2006. Occurrence of imposex and seasonal patterns of gametogenesis in the invading veined rapa whelk Rapana venosa from Chesapeake Bay, USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 310, 129-138.

Mann, R., Occhipinti, A. & Harding, M. (eds.), 2004. Alien Species Alert: Rapana Venosa (veined whelk). ICES Cooperative Research Report, 264, 14 pp.

Manning, L.M., Peterson, C.H. & Bishop, M.J., 2014. Dominant macrobenthic populations experience sustained impacts from annual disposal of fine sediments on sandy beaches. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 508, 1-15.

Mansueto, C., Gianguzza, M., Dolcemascolo, G. & Pellerito, L., 1993. Effects of Tributyltin (IV) chloride exposure on early embryonic stages of Ciona intestinalis: in vivo and ultrastructural investigations. Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 7, 391-399.

Mant, R.C., Moggridge, G.D. & Aldridge, D.C., 2012. Control of biofouling by Cordylophora caspia in freshwater using one-off, pulsed and intermittent dosing of chlorine: laboratory evaluation. Biofouling, 28 (5), 433-440.

Manuel, R.L., 1981. British Anthozoa. London: Academic Press.[Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 18.]

Manuel, R.L., 1975. A new sea anemone from a brackish lagoon in Sussex, Edwardsia ivelli, sp. Nov. Journal of Natural History, 9, 705-711.

Manuel, R.L., 1988. British Anthozoa. London: Academic Press.[Synopses of the British Fauna, no. 18.]

Manuel, R.L., 1983. The Anthozoa of the British Isles - a colour guide, 2nd edn. Ross-on-Wye: Marine Conservation Society.

Marasigan, E.T. & Laureta, L.V. 2001. Broodstock maintenance and early gonadal maturation of Pholas orientalis (Bivalvia: Pholididae). Journal of Shellfish Research, 20, 1095-1099

Marbà, N. Duarte, C.M. Alexandre, A. & Cabaço, S. 2004. How do seagrasses grow and spread? The M&MS Project

Marchan, S., Davies, M.S., Fleming, S. & Jones, H.D., 1999. Effects of copper and zinc on the heart rate of the limpet Patella vulgata (L.) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 123A, 89-93.

Marchetti, R., 1992. The problems of the Emalia Romagna coastal waters: facts and interpretations. Science of the Total Environment, Supplement 1992, 21-33.

Marfenin, N.N., 1997. Adaptation capabilities of marine modular organisms. Hydrobiologia, 355, 153-158.

Margolis, L., 1971. Polychaetes as Intermediate Hosts of Helminth Parasites of Vertebrates: A Review. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 28 (10), 1385-1392.

Marin, A., Lopez, M., Esteban, M., Meseguer, J., Munoz, J. & Fontana, A., 1998. Anatomical and ultrastructural studies of chemical defence in the sponge Dysidea fragilis. Marine Biology, 131 (4), 639-645.

Marin, J., 1997. La langouste rouge: biologie et exploitation. Pêche Maritime, 64, 105-113.

Marin, M.G., Bresan, M., Beghi, L. & Brunetti, R., 1987. Thermo-haline tolerance of Ciona intestinalis (L. 1767) at different developmental stages. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 28, 45-57.

Marine Connection & Wildlife Trusts, 2007. The south west dolphin report.

Marine Institute, 2007. Veterinary treatments and other substances used in finfish aquaculture in Ireland. Report prepared by the Marine Institute for SWRBD, March 2007. 

Marine Institute (MI), 2014. The Stock Book. Annual Review of Fish Stocks in 2014 with Management Advice for 2015. Marine Institute, Galway, Ireland,  624 pp.

Marine Institute, 2001. Nephrops biology [On-line]. Available from services/fisheries/fisheries biology, cited. 2002-01-24

Marine Institute, 2003. Irish Sea Nephrops [On-line], 2004-03-22

Marine Task Force, 1993. Sensitive Marine Areas in England. First Draft. English Nature Report, Campaign for a Living Coast.

Marine Turtle Specialist Group, 1996. Lepidochelys kempii. In: IUCN 2006. [On-line].,

Marinho-Soriano, E., 2001. Agar polysaccharides from Gracilaria species (Rhodophyta, Gracilariaceae). Journal of biotechnology, 89 (1), 81-84.

Markager, S., 1993. Light absorption and quantum yield for growth in five species of marine macroalgae. Journal of Phycology, 29 (1), 54-63.

Markager, S. & Sand-Jensen, K., 1992. Light requirements and depth zonation of marine macroalgae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 88, 83-92.

Markert, A., Wehrmann, A. & Kröncke, I., 2010. Recently established Crassostrea-reefs versus native Mytilus-beds: differences in ecosystem engineering affects the macrofaunal communities (Wadden Sea of Lower Saxony, southern German Bight). Biological Invasions, 12 (1), 15-32.

Markham, J.W. & Munda, I.M., 1980. Algal recolonisation in the rocky eulittoral at Helgoland, Germany. Aquatic Botany, 9, 33-71.

MarLIN (Marine Life Information Network), 2005. SEArchable BEnthic Data (SEABED) Map [on-line]. Data Access Sub-programme, Marine Life Information Network for Britian and Ireland,

MarLIN, 2015. MarLIN (Marine Life Network). (13-10-2015).

Marques, A.C. & Vervoort, W., 1999. Eudendrium arbuscula Wright, 1859 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa): proposed conservation of the specific name. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 56, 16-18.

Marques, D., Almeida, M., Xavier, J. & Humanes, M., 2007. Biomarkers in marine sponges: acetylcholinesterase in the sponge Cliona celata. Porifera Research: Biodiversity, Innovation and Sustainability. Série Livros, 28, 427-432.

Marrs, S.J., Atkinson, R.J.A. & Smith, C.J., 1998. The towed underwater TV technique for use in stock assessment of Nephrops norvegicus. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea Study Group on Life Histories of Nephrops La Coruña 4-8 May 1998, CM 1998/G:9, pp. 88-98.

Marsden, A.D., Foster, S.J. & Vincent, A.C.J., 2003. Hippocampus hippocampus,[On-line], 2004-02-18

Marsh, C.P., 1986. Rocky intertidal community organization: the impact of avian predators on mussel recruitment. Ecology, 67, 771-786.

Marshall, C.E. 2005. Mysella bidentata and Thyasira spp. in circalittoral muddy mixed sediment. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from:

Marshall, C.E. & Wilson, E. 2008. Pecten maximus Great scallop. In Tyler-Walters H. and Hiscock K. (eds) Marine Life Information Network: Biology and Sensitivity Key Information Reviews, [on-line]. Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Available from:

Marshall, D.J. & McQuaid, C.D., 1989. The influence of respiratory responses on the tolerance to sand inundation of the limpets Patella granularis L.(Prosobranchia) and Siphonaria capensis Q. et G.(Pulmonata). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 128 (3), 191-201.

Marshall, D.J. & McQuaid, C.D., 1993. Effects of hypoxia and hyposalinity on the heart beat of the intertidal limpets Patella granvlaris (Prosobranchia) and Siphonaria capensis (Pulmonata). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology, 106 (1), 65-68

Marshall, S., Newton, L. & Orr, A.P., 1949. A study of certain British seaweeds and their utilization in the preparation of agar. London: HMSO. 184 pp. A study of certain British seaweeds and their utilization in the preparation of agar. London: HMSO. 184 pp., London: HMSO. 184 pp.

Martín, L.A., de Zaixso, A.L.B. & Leonardi, P.I., 2011. Biomass variation and reproductive phenology of Gracilaria gracilis in a Patagonian natural bed (Chubut, Argentina). Journal of Applied Phycology, 23 (4), 643-654.

Martínez, B., Arenas, F., Rubal, M., Burgués, S., Esteban, R., García-Plazaola, I., Figueroa, F., Pereira, R., Saldaña, L. & Sousa-Pinto, I., 2012. Physical factors driving intertidal macroalgae distribution: physiological stress of a dominant fucoid at its southern limit. Oecologia, 170 (2), 341-353.

Martínez, B., Arenas, F., Trilla, A., Viejo, R.M. & Carreno, F., 2015. Combining physiological threshold knowledge to species distribution models is key to improving forecasts of the future niche for macroalgae. Global Change Biology, 21 (4), 1422-1433.

Marta, N., Cebrian, J., Enriquez, S. & Duarte, C.M., 1996. Growth patterns of western Mediterranean seagrasses: species specific responses to seasonal forcing. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 133, 203-215.

Martel, A. & Chia, F.S., 1991a. Oviposition, larval abundance, in situ larval growth and recruitment of the herbivorous gastropod, Lacuna vincta in kelp canopies of Barkley Sound, Vancouver Island (British Columbia). Marine Biology, 110, 237-247.

Martel, A. & Chia, F.S., 1991b. Drifting and dispersal of small bivalves and gastropods with direct development. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 150, 131-147.

Martel, A. & Diefenbach, T., 1993. Effects of body size, water currents and microhabitat on mucous thread drifting in post-metamorphic gastropods, Lacuna spp. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 19, 215-220.

Martens, P.M. & Schockaert, E.R., 1986. The importance of Turbellarians in the marine meiobenthos - a review. Hydrobiologia, 132, 295-303.

Marthinsen, I., Staveland, G., Skåre, J.U., Ugland, K.I. & Haugen, A., 1991. Levels of environmental pollutants in male and female flounder (Platichthys flesus L.) and cod (Gadus morhua) caught during the year 1988 near or in the waterway of Glomma, the largest river of Norway. I. Polychlorinated biphenyls. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 20, 353-360.

Martin, A.R., 1990. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Whales and Dolphins. Portland House.

Martin, C.J., 1994. A marine survey and environmental assessment of the proposed dredging of dead maerl within Falmouth Bay by the Cornish Calcified Seaweed Company Ltd. Contractor: Environemtal Tracing Systems Ltd. pp 59.

Martin, C.S., Vaz, S., Ernande, B., Ellis, J.R., Eastwood, P., Coppin, F., Harrop, S., Meaden, G. & Carpentier, A., 2005. Spatial distributions (1989-2004) and preferential habitats of thornback ray and lesser-spotted dogfish in the Eastern English Channel.

Martin, I., Oliveira, J.M., Flindt, M.R. & Marques, J.C., 1999. The effect of salinity on the growth rate of the macroalgae Enteromorpha intestinalis (Chlorophyta) in the Mondego estuary (west Portugal). Acta Oceanologica, 20, 259-265.

Martin, J.P., Garese, A., Sar, A. & Acuña, F.H., 2015. Fouling community dominated by Metridium senile (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) in Bahía San Julián (southern Patagonia, Argentina). Scientia Marina, 79 (2), 211-221.

Martin, S., Clavier, J., Chauvaud, L. & Thouzeau, G., 2007b. Community metabolism in temperate maerl beds. II. Nutrient fluxes. Marine Ecology progress Series, 335, 31-41.

Martinez, B., Pato, L.S. & Rico, J.M., 2012. Nutrient uptake and growth responses of three intertidal macroalgae with perennial, opportunistic and summer-annual strategies. Aquatic Botany, 96 (1), 14-22.

Martinez, D.E. & Levinton, J., 1996. Adaptation to heavy metals in the aquatic oligochaete Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri: Evidence for control by one gene. Evolution, 50, 1339-1343.

Martinez-Tabche, L., Mora, B.R., Olivan, L.G., Faz, C.G. & Grajeda y Ortega, M.A., 1999. Toxic effect of nickel on haemoglobin concentration of Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri in spiked sediments of trout farms. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 42, 143-149.

Martinez-Taberner, A., Forteza, V., & Fornos, J.J. 1993. Colonization, structure and growth of Ficopomatus cf. Ten Hove and Weerdenburg (Polychaeta, Serpulidae) in the Albufera of Menorca, Balearic Islands. Verhandlungen der Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 25(2), 1031-1034.

Martins, H.R., Santos, R.S. & Hawkins, S.J., 1987. Exploitation of limpets (Patella spp.) in the Azores with a preliminary analysis of the stocks. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Copenhagen ( Denmark). ICES Council Meeting 1987 (collected papers).

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Moore, C.G., Saunders, G., Mair, J.M. and Lyndon, A.R., 2006. The inauguration of site condition monitoring of marine features of Loch Maddy Special Area of Conservation. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 152 (ROAME No. F02AA409).

Moore, C.G., Saunders, G.R. & Harries, D.B., 1998b. The status and ecology of reefs of Serpula vermicularis L.. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 8, 645-656.

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Moore, H.B., 1936. The biology of Purpura lapillus. I. Shell variation in relation to the environment. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 21, 61-89.

Moore, H.B., 1938b. The biology of Purpura lapillus. Part III. Life history in relation to environmental factors. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 23, 67-74.

Moore, H.B., 1937. Marine Fauna of the Isle of Man. Liverpool University Press.

Moore, J., 1952. The induction of regeneration in the hydroid Cordylophora lacustris. Journal of Experimental Biology, 29, 79-93.

Moore, J. 2002. Porcupine Marine Natural History Society Newsletter. Porcupine Marine Natural History Society Newsletter, 11, pp13-14.

Moore, J., 2002. An atlas of marine Biodiversity Action Plan species and habitats and Species of Conservation Concern in Wales, 2nd edn. Report to the Countryside Council for Wales, CCW Contract Science Report no. 509.

Moore, J., 1995. The marine inlets of south west Britain: an overview. Report to the JNCC from the Field Studies Research Council., Field Studies Research Council.

Moore, J., 1991. Studies on the Impact of Hydraulic Cockle Dredging on Intertidal Sediment Flat Communities. A report to the Nature Conservancy Council from the Field Studies Council Research Centre, Pembroke, Wales, FSC/RC/4/91.

Moore, J., 1997. Rocky shore transect monitoring in Milford Haven, October 1996. Impacts of the Sea Empress oil spill. Countryside Council for Wales Sea Empress Contract Report, 241, 90pp.

Moore, J., Smith, J. & Northen, K.O., 1999. Marine Nature Conservation Review Sector 8. Inlets in the western English Channel: area summaries. Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and seas of the United Kingdom. MNCR Series.]

Moore, J., Taylor, P. & Hiscock, K., 1995. Rocky shore monitoring programme. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 103B, 181-200.

Moore, J.; Smith, J.; Northen, K.; Little, M., 1998. Marine Nature Conservation Review. Sector 9. Inlets in the Bristol Channel and approaches: area summaries. , Peterborough: Joint Nature Conservation Committee. [Coasts and Seas of the United Kingdom MNCR series.]

Moore, J.A., 1986. Charophytes of Great Britian and Ireland. London: Botanical Society of the British Isles.

Moore, J.C. & Wood, F.D., 1957. Differences between the beaked whales Mesoplodon mirus and Mesoplodon gervaisi. American Museum Novitates, 1831, 1-25

Moore, J.J., 2006. State of the marine environment in SW Wales, 10 years after the Sea Empress oil spill. A report to the Countryside Council for Wales from Coastal Assessment, Liaison & Monitoring, Cosheston, Pembrokeshire. CCW Marine Monitoring Report No: 21. 30pp.

Moore, J.J., James, B., Minchin, A. & Davies, I.M., 2000. Surveys of dog whelks Nucella lapillus in the vicinity of Sullom Voe, Shetland, August 1999. Report to the Shetland Oil Terminal Environmental Advisory Group (SOTEAG), prepared by CORDAH Ltd and the Fisheries Research Services.

Moore, J.P., 1978b. Importance of algae in the diet of oligochaetes Lumbriculus variegatus (Müller) and Rhyacodrilus sodalis Eisen. Oecologia, 35, 357-363.

Moore, J.W. & Moore, I.A., 1976. The basis of food selection in some estuarine fishes; eels, Anguilla anguilla (L.), whiting, Merlangius merlangus (L.), sprat, Sprattus sprattus and stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus (L.). Journal of Fish Biology, 9, 375-390.

Moore, J.W., Moore, I.A. & Claridge, P.N., 1979. Seasonal changes in density, composition and reproductive biology of crustacean populations in the Severn Estuary. Crustaceana, 36, 113-122.

Moore, K.A. & Jarvis, J.C., 2008. Environmental factors affecting recent summertime eelgrass diebacks in the lower Chesapeake Bay: implications for long-term persistence. Journal of Coastal Research, 135-147.

Moore, K.A. & Wetzel, R.L., 2000. Seasonal variations in eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) responses to nutrient enrichment and reduced light availability in experimental ecosystems Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 244, 1-28

Moore, K.A., Shields, E.C. & Parrish, D.B., 2014. Impacts of varying estuarine temperature and light conditions on Zostera marina (eelgrass) and its interactions with Ruppia maritima (widgeongrass). Estuaries and coasts, 37 (1), 20-30.

Moore, M.N.,Livingstone D.R., Widdows J., Lowe, D.M. & Pipe, R.K., 1987. Molecular, cellular and physiological effects of oil derived hydrocarbons on molluscs and their use in impact assessment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 316. 603 - 623.

Moore, P.G. & Cameron, K.S., 1999. A note on a hitherto unreported association between Photis longicaudata (Crustacea: Amphipoda) and Cerianthus lloydii (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 369-370.

Moore, P.G. & Seed, R. (ed.), 1985. The Ecology of Rocky Coasts. London: Hodder and Stoughton Publ.

Moore, P.G., 1973b. The kelp fauna of north east Britain. II. Multivariate classification: turbidity as an ecological factor. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 13, 127-163.

Moore, P.G., 1977c. Additions to the littoral fauna of Rockall, with a description of Araeolaimus penelope sp. nov. (Nematoda: Axonolaimidae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 57, 191-200.

Moore, P.G., 1977a. Inorganic particulate suspensions in the sea and their effects on marine animals. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 15, 225-363.

Moore, P.G., 1973c. Bryozoa as a community component on the northeast coast of Britain. In Living and fossil Bryozoa. Recent advances in research (ed. G.P. Larwood), pp. 21-36.

Moore, P.G., 1973a. The kelp fauna of north east Britain I. Function of the physical environment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 13, 97-125.

Moore, P.G., 1983. Biological Interactions. In Sublittoral ecology. The ecology of shallow sublittoral benthos (ed. R. Earll & D.G. Erwin), pp. 58-96.

Moore, P.G., 1985. Levels of heterogeneity and the amphipod fauna of kelp holdfasts. In The Ecology of Rocky Coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis, D.Sc. (ed. P.G. Moore & R. Seed), 274-289. London: Hodder & Stoughton Ltd.

Moore, P.G., 1986. Seaweed-associated animal communities in the Firth of Clyde, with special reference to the population biology of the amphipod Hyale nilssoni (Rathke). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 90B, 271-286.

Moore, P.G., 1977b. Organisation in simple communities: observations on the natural history of Hyale nilssoni (Amphipoda) in high littoral seaweeds. In Biology of Benthic Organisms, 11th European Symposium on Marine Biology, Galway, 5 Oct 1976, (ed.: Keegan, B.F., Ceidigh, P.O. and Boaden, P.J.S.), 443-451.

Moore, P.G., 1983. The apparent role of temperature in breeding initiation and winter population structure in Hyale nilssoni Rathke (Amphipoda): field observations 1972-83. Journal of Marine Biology and Ecology, 71, 237-248.

Moore, P.G., 1978. Turbidity and kelp holdfast Amphipoda. I. Wales and S.W. England. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 32, 53-96.

Moore, P.G., 1971. A study of pollution in certain marine ecosystems. , PhD thesis, University of Leeds, Leeds.

Morales-Alamo, R. & Mann, R. 1990. Recruitment and growth of oysters on shell planted at four monthly intervals in the lower Potomac River, Maryland. Journal of Shellfish Research, 9, 165-172.

Moran, P.J. & Grant, T.R., 1993. Larval settlement of marine fouling organisms in polluted water from Port Kembla Harbour, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 26, 512-514.

Morel, G.M. & Bossy, S.F., 2004. Assessment of the whelk (Buccinum undatum L.) population around the Island of Jersey, Channel Isles. Fisheries Research, 68, 283-291.

Morgan, C.I. & Lampard, D.J., 1986. Supralittoral lichens as a habitat for tardigrades. Glasgow Naturalist, 21, 127-135.

Morgan, E., 1970. The effect of environmental factors on the distribution of the amphipod Pectenogammarus planicrurus, with particular reference to grain size. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 50, 769-785.

Morgan, E., 1968. The biology of Pectenogammarus planicrurus (Reid). PhD thesis, University of Wales., PhD thesis, University of Wales.

Morgan, K.C. & Simpson, F.J., 1981. The cultivation of Palmaria palmata: effect of light intensity and temperature on growth and chemical composition. Botanica Marina, 24, 547-552.

Morgan, K.C., Shacklock, P.F. & Simpson, F.J., 1980. Some aspects of the culture of Palmaria palmata in greenhouse tanks. Botanica Marina, 23, 765-770.

Morgan, M.J., DeBlois, E.M. & Rose, G.A., 1997. An observation on the reaction of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in a spawning shoal to bottom trawling. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 54(S1), 217-223.

Morgan, P.R., 1972. Nucella lapillus (L.) as a predator of edible cockles. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 8, 45-52.

Morgan, S.G., 1995. Life and death in the plankton: Larval mortality and adaptation. In Ecology of marine invertebrate larvae, (ed. L. McEdward), pp.279-322. Florida, USA, CRC Press.

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Mori, M., 1987. Observations on reproductive biology, and diet of Macropipus tuberculatus (Roux) of the Ligurian Sea. Investigacion Pesquera, 51, 147-152.

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Morritt, D., 1988. Osmoregulation in littoral and terrestrial talitroidean amphipods (Crustacea) from Britain. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 123, 77-94.

Morse, A.N.C., 1991. How do planktonic larvae know where to settle? American Scientist, 793:154-167.

Morse, J.W., 1986. The surface chemistry of calcium minerals in natural waters: an overview. Marine Chemistry, 29, 91-112

Mortensen, P.B. & Rapp, H.T., 1998. Oxygen and carbon isotope ratios related to growth line patterns in skeletons of Lophelia pertusa (L) (Anthozoa, Scleractinia): Implication for determination of linear extension rates. Sarsia, 83, 433-446.

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Mortensen, P.M., Hovland, M.T., Fosså, J.H. & Furevik, D.M., 2001. Distribution, abundance and size of Lophelia pertusa coral reefs in mid-Norway in relation to seabed characteristics. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 81, 581-597.

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Morton, B., 2009. Aspects of the biology and functional morphology of Timoclea ovata (Bivalvia: Veneroidea: Venerinae) in the Azores, Portugal, and a comparison with Chione elevata (Chioninae). Açoreana, 6, 105-119.

Morton, B., 2008. The evolution of eyes in the Bivalvia: New Insights*. American Malacological Bulletin, 26 (1/2), 35-45.

Morton, B., 2011. The biology and functional morphology of Arctica islandica (Bivalvia: Arcticidae) -- A gerontophilic living fossil. Marine Biology Research, 7 (6), 540-553.

Morton, B., 1977. The tidal rhythm of feeding and digestion in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 26 (2), 135-151.

Morton, B., 1992. The evolution and success of the heteromyarian form in the Mytiloida. In The mussel Mytilus: Ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. E.M. Gosling), pp. 21-52. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, 25]

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Morton, J.E., & Holme, N.A., 1955. The occurrence at Plymouth of the opisthobranch Akera bullata, with notes on its habits and relationships. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 34(1), 101-112.

Morton, J.W., 1976. Ecological impacts of dredging and dredge spoil disposal: A literature review. M. S. thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y.. 

Morton, O. 2003. The marine macroalgae of County Donegal, Ireland Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society, 27, 3-164

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Mosbahi, N., Pezy, J.-P., Dauvin, J.C. & Neifar, L., 2015. Spatial and Temporal Structures of the Macrozoobenthos from the Intertidal Zone of the Kneiss Islands (Central Mediterranean Sea). Open Journal of Marine Science, 6, 223-237.

Moschella, P., Abbiati, M., Åberg, P., Airoldi, L., Anderson, J., Bacchiocchi, F., Bulleri, F., Dinesen, G.E., Frost, M. & Gacia, E., 2005. Low-crested coastal defence structures as artificial habitats for marine life: using ecological criteria in design. Coastal Engineering, 52 (10), 1053-1071.

Moss, B., 1974. Attachment and germination of the zygotes of Pelvetia canaliculata (L.) Dcne. et Thur.(Phaeophyceae, Fucales). Phycologia, 13 (4), 317-322.

Moss, B., 1969. Apical meristems and growth control in Himanthalia elongata (SF Gray). New Phytologist68 (2), 387-397.

Moss, B. & Marsland, A., 1976. Regeneration of Enteromorpha. British Phycological Journal, 11, 309-313.

Moss, B. & Sheader, A., 1973. The effect of light and temperature upon the germination and growth of Halidrys siliquosa (L.) Lyngb. (Phaeophyceae, Fucales). Phycologia, 12, 63-68.

Moss, B., Mercer, S., & Sheader, A., 1973. Factors Affecting the Distribution of Himanthalia elongata (L.) S.F. Gray on the North-east Coast of England. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 1, 233-243.

Moss, B.L. & Lacey, A., 1963. The development of Halidrys siliquosa (L.) Lyngb. New Phytologist, 62, 67-74.

Moss, B.L. & Woodhead, P., 1975. The effect of two commercial herbicides on the settlement, germination and growth of Enteromorpha. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 6, 189-192.

Moss, B.L., 1982. The control of epiphytes by Halidrys siliquosa (L.) Lyngb. (Phaeophyta; Cystoceiraceae). Phycologia, 21, 185-198.

Moss, D., & Ackers, G. (eds.), 1982. The UCS Sponge Guide. Produced by R. Earll. Ross-on-Wye: The Underwater Conservation Society.

Moss, D.L., 1992. A summary of the Porifera collected during "Expedition Azores 1989". Arquipelago, 10, 45-53.

Moulaert, I. & Hostens, K., 2007. Post-extraction evolution of a macrobenthic community on the intensively extracted Kwintebank site in the Belgian part of the North Sea. CM Documents-ICES, (A:12).

Moulaert, I., Hostens, K., Hillewaert, H. & Wittoeck, J., 2008. Spatial variation of the macrobenthos species and communities of the Belgian Continental Shelf and the relation to environmental variation. ICES Document CM 2007/A, 13 pp. 

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Mouritsen, K. N., Gorbusin, A. & Jensen, K. T., 1999. Influence of trematode infections on in situ growth rates of Littorina littorea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79, 425-430.

Mouritsen, K. N., Mouritsen, L.T. & Jensen, K.T., 1998. Change of topography and sediment characteristics on an intertidal mud-flat following mass-mortality of the amphipod Corophium volutator. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 78 (4), 1167-1180.

Mouritsen, K.N. & Poulin, R., 2002. Parasitism, community structure and biodiversity in intertidal ecosystems. Parasitology, 124, 101-117.

Mouritsen, K.N., Tompkins, D.M. & Poulin, R., 2005. Climate warming may cause a parasite-induced collapse in coastal amphipod populations. Oecologia, 146, 476-483.

Moy, F., Alve, E., Bogen, J., Christie, H., Green, N., Helland, A., Steen, H., Skarbøvik, E. & Stålnacke, P., 2006. Sugar Kelp Project: Status Report No 1. SFT Report TA-2193/2006, NIVA Report 5265 (in Norwegian, with English Abstract), 36 pp.

Moy, F.E. & Christie, H., 2012. Large-scale shift from sugar kelp (Saccharina latissima) to ephemeral algae along the south and west coast of Norway. Marine Biology Research, 8 (4), 309-321.

Moylan, E., 1997. Gonad conditioning and wild stock enhancement of the purple sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus on the west coast of Ireland. Bulletin-Aquaculture Association of Canada, 38-41.

Moyse, J. & Nelson-Smith, A., 1964. Effects of the severe cold of 1962-63 upon shore animals in South Wales. Journal of Animal Ecology, 33, 183-190.

Moyse, J., 1971. Settlement and growth pattern of the parasitic barnacle Pyrgoma anglicum. Fourth European Marine Biology Symposium. Ed. D.J. Crisp.

Mrowicki, R.J., Maggs, C.A. & O'Connor, N.E., 2014. Does wave exposure determine the interactive effects of losing key grazers and ecosystem engineers? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 461 (0), 416-424.

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