MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Bibliography (A-Z)

Pérès, J.M., 1943. Recherches sur le sang et les organes neuraux des Tuniciers. Annales de l’Institut Oceanographique (Monaco), 21, 229-359.

Pérès, J.M., 1943. Recherches sur le sang et les organes neuraux des Tuniciers. Annales de l’Institut Oceanographique (Monaco), 21, 229-359.

Paavo, B., Jonker, R., Thrush, S. & Probert, P.K., 2011. Macrofaunal community patterns of adjacent coastal sediments with wave-reflecting or wave-dissipating characteristics. Journal of Coastal Research, 27 (3), 515-528.

Pacey, A., 2000. Sperm motility in Arenicola marina (L.).[On-line] , 2000-10-02

Packham, J.R. & Liddle, M.J., 1970. The Cefni salt marsh, Anglesey, and its recent development. Field Studies, 3, 331-356.

Packham, J.R. & Willis, A.J., 1997. Ecology of Dunes, Salt Marsh and Shingle. London: Chapman & Hall.

Padilla, D.K., 2010. Context-dependent impacts of a non-native ecosystem engineer, the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 50 (2), 213-225.

Padilla, D.K., 1984. The importance of form: differences in competitive ability, resistance to consumers and environmental stress in an assemblage of coralline algae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 79, 105-127.

Padilla, D.K., Dittman, D.E., Franz, J. & Sladek, R., 1996. Radular production rates in 2 species of Lacuna, Turton (Gastropoda: Littorinidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 62, 275-280.

Page, C., 1988. The chromosome complement of Nucella lapillus (L.), Mollusca: Gastropoda: Prosobranchia. Caryologia, 41, 79-91.

Page, F.H. & Frank, K.T., 1989. Spawning time and egg stage duration in Northwest Atlantic haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) stocks with emphasis on Georges and Brown Bank. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 46(Suppl. 1), 68-81.

Page, H. & Hubbard, D., 1987. Temporal and spatial patterns of growth in mussels Mytilus edulis on an offshore platform: relationships to water temperature and food availability. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 111: 159-79

Pagett, R.M., 1981. The penetration of brackish-water by the Echinodermata. In Feeding and Survival Srategies of Estuarine Organisms (ed. N.V. Jones & W.J. Wolff), 15, 135-151. New York: Plenum Press.

Pagett, R.M., 1980. Tolerance to brackish water by ophiuroids with special reference to a Scottish sea loch, Loch Etive. In Echinoderms: Past and Present (ed. M. Jangoux), pp. 223-229. Rotterdam: Balkema.

Paine, R.T. & Levin, S.A., 1981. Intertidal landscapes: disturbance and the dynamics of pattern. Ecological Monographs, 51, 145-178.

Paine, R.T., 1976. Biological observations on a subtidal Mytilus californianus bed. Veliger, 19, 125-130.

Pajic, I., Kljajic, Z., Dogovic, N., Sladic, D., Juranic, Z. & Gasic, M.J., 2002. A novel lectin from the sponge Haliclona cratera: isolation, characterization and biological activity. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology, 132 (2), 213-221.

Palacı́n, C., Giribet, G., Carner, S., Dantart, L. & Turon, X., 1998. Low densities of sea urchins influence the structure of algal assemblages in the western Mediterranean. Journal of Sea Research, 39 (3), 281-290.

Palanques, A., Guillén, J. & Puig, P., 2001. Impact of bottom trawling on water turbidity and muddy sediment of an unfished continental shelf. Limnology and Oceanography, 46 (5), 1100-1110.

Palanques, A., Guillén, J. & Puig, P., 2001. Impact of bottom trawling on water turbidity and muddy sediment of an unfished continental shelf. Limnology and Oceanography, 46, 1100-1110.

Palerud, R., Gulliksen, B., Brattegard, T., Sneli, J.-A. & Vader, W., 2004. The marine macro-organisms in Svalbard waters. A catalogue of the terrestrial and marine animals of Svalbard. Norsk Polarinstitutt Skrifter, 201, 5-56.

Palgan, K., Drewa, G. & Zbytniewski, Z., 1988. Influence of light, heavy and crude oil on the mortality of shrimps Crangon crangon L. under laboratory conditions. Kieler Meeresforschungen, Sonderheft, 6, 448-453.

Pallas, P.S., 1831. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium animalium in extenso Imperio Rossico et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones anatomen atque icones plurimorum. Volume 3., pp. i-vii + 1-428 + index (I-CXXV). Petropoli: Academiae Scientiarum.

Palmegiano, G.B. & D'Apote, M.P., 1983. Combined effects of temperature and salinity on cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis L.) hatching. Aquaculture, 35, 259-264.

Palmer, A.R., 1990. Predator size, prey size, and the scaling of vulnerability: hatchling gastropods vs. barnacles. Ecology, 71, 759-775.

Palmer, B.L. & Sideman, E.J., 1988. A field investigation into the effects of interspecific competition on the distribution and cover of Ulothrix flacca. Hydrobiologia, 157 (2), 97-104.

Palmer, D., 2004. Growth of the razor clam Ensis directus, an alien species in the Wash on the east coast of England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 84 (5), 1075-1076.

Palmer, D.L., Burnett, K., Whelpdale, P., 2007. Baseline Survey of Shellfish Resources in Lough Foyle. CEFAS,  C2697, pp

Palmer, R.A., 1984. Species cohesiveness and genetic control of shell color and form in Thais emarginata (Prosobranchia, Muricacea): Preliminary results. Malacologia, 25, 477-491.

Pampoulie, C., Bouchereau, J.L. & Rosecchi, E., 2000. Annual variations in the reproductive traits of Pomatoschistus microps in a Mediterranean lagoon undergoing environmental changes: evidence of phenotypic plasticity. Journal of Fish Biology, 57, 1441-1452

Pampoulie, C., Lambert, A., Rosecchi, E., Crivelli, A.J., Bouchereau, J.-L. & Morand, S., 2000b. Host death: A necessary condition for the transmission of Aphalloides coelomicola Dollfus, Chabaud, and Golvan, 1957 (Digenea, Cryptogonimidae)? Journal of Parasitology, 86, 416-417.

Pampoulie, C., Rosecchi, E. & Bouchereau, J.L., 1999. Life history traits of Pomatoschistus minutus in the Rhone Delta, France. Journal of Fish Biology, 55, 4, 892-896.

Panayotidis, P., Montesanto, B. & Orfanidis, S., 2004. Use of low-budget monitoring of macroalgae to implement the European Water Framework Directive. Journal of Applied Phycology, 16 (1), 49-59.

Pang, S. & Lüning, K., 2004. Tank cultivation of the red alga Palmaria palmata: Effects of intermittent light on growth rate, yield and growth kinetics. Journal of Applied Phycology, 16 (2), 93-99.

Pannacciulli, F.G. & Relini, G., 2000. The vertical distribution of Chthamalus montagui and Chthamalus stellatus (Crustacea, Cirripedia) in two areas of the NW Mediterranean Sea. Hydrobiologia, 426, 105-112.

Pantazis, P., Black, K.D., Connolly, J.G. & Kelly, M.S., 2000. The effect of artificial diets on growth, lipid utilisation and gonad biochemistry in the adult sea urchin Psammechinus miliaris. Journal of Shellfish Research, 19, 995 - 1002.

Panti, C., Giannetti, M., Baini, M., Rubegni, F., Minutoli, R. & Fossi, M.C., 2015. Occurrence, relative abundance and spatial distribution of microplastics and zooplankton NW of Sardinia in the Pelagos Sanctuary Protected Area, Mediterranean Sea. Environmental chemistry (Online), 12 (5), 618-626.

Papaspyrou, S., Gregersen, T., Cox, R.P., Thessalou-Legaki, M. & Kristensen, E., 2005. Sediment properties and bacterial community in burrows of the ghost shrimp Pestarella tyrrhena (Decapoda: Thalassinidea). Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 38 (2), 181-190.

Papathanassiou, E., 1985. Effects of cadmium ions on the ultrastructure of the gills cells of the brown shrimp Crangon crangon L. Crustaceana, 48, 6-17.

Papoutsi, O. & Galinou-Mitsoudi, S., 2010. Preliminary results of population dynamics, age and growth of Atrina pectinata (Linnaeus, 1767) in Thermaikos gulf (Greece).  14th Panellenic Congress of Ichthyologists: Fisheries - Aquaculture, a multidimensional approach. Proceedings Panellenic Ichthyological Association, Athens (Greece), Piraeus, 6-9 May 2010., May 2010, pp. 131-134.

Parchevskij, V.P. & Rabinovich, M.A., 1991. Growth rate and harvest of the green alga Enteromorpha intestinalis on artificial substrates in sewage and waste water effluents. Biologiya Morya, 2, 1991.

Pardal, M.A., Marques, J.-C. & Bellan, G., 1993. Spatial distribution and seasonal variation of subtidal polychaete populations in the Mondego estuary (western Portugal). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 34, 497-512.

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S., 1976. Check-list of British Marine Algae - Third Revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 56, 527-594.

Parke, M., 1948. Studies on British Laminariaceae. I. Growth in Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 27, 651-709.

Parker, A.R., McPhedran, R.C., McKenzie, D.R., Botten, L.C. & Nicorovici, N.-A.P., 2001. Aphrodite's iridescence. Nature, 409, 36-37.

Parker, H., 1981. Influence of relative water motion on the growth, ammonium uptake and carbon and nitrogen composition of Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyta). Marine Biology, 63 (3), 309-318.

Parker, H., 1982. Effects of simulated current on the growth rate and nitrogen metabolism of Gracilaria tikvahiae (Rhodophyta). Marine Biology, 69 (2), 137-145.

Parker, H.W. & Boeseman, M., 1954. The Basking Shark, Cetorhinus maximus, in winter. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 124 (1), 185-194.

Parker, H.W. & Stott, F.C., 1965. Age size and vertebral calcification in the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus). Zoologische Mededelingen, 40, 305-319.

Parker, M. & West, B., 1979. The natural history of Neomysis integer (Leach) in Lough Furnace, Co. Mayo, a brackish lough on the west coast of Ireland. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 8, 157-167.

Parker, M., 1979. Neomysis integer (Leach) (Crustacea: Mysidacea): Records and distribution in Ireland. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 19, 339-342.

Parker, T., Johnson, C. & Chapman, A.R.O., 1993. Gammarid amphipods and littorinid snails have significant but different effects on algal succession in littoral fringe tidepools. Ophelia, 38, 69-88.

Parmentier, J., 1998. Growth of a Starfish: development of the larvae of an echinoderm. http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/art98/janstar.html, 2001-02-01

Parr, W., Clarke, S.J., Van Dijk, P., Morgan, N., 1998. Turbidity in English and Welsh tidal waters. Report No. CO 4301/1 to English Nature.

Parry, G.D. & Cohen, B.F., 2001. Exotic species established in Western Port, including an assessment of the status of the exotic species Corbula gibba, Alexandrium spp, Gymnodinium spp and Undaria pinnatifida. Report No. 45 [On-line] http://www.dse.vic.gov.au, 2004-01-28

Parry, H., & Pipe, R., 2004. Interactive effects of temperature and copper on immunocompetence and disease susceptibility in mussels (Mytilus edulis). Aquatic Toxicology 69: 311-25

Parslow, J.L.F., 1973. Mercury in waders from the Wash. Environmental Pollution, 5, 295-304.

Parslow-Williams, P., Goodheir, C., Atkinson, R.J.A. & Taylor, A.C., 2002. Feeding energetics of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. Ophelia, 56, 101-120.

Parslow-Williams, P.J., Atkinson, R.J.A. & Taylor, A.C., 2001. Nucleic acids as indicators of nutritional condition in the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 211, 235-243.

Pascoe, P.L. & Dixon, D.R., 1994. Structural chromosomal polymorphism in the dog-whelk Nucella lapillus (Mollusca: Neogastropoda). Marine Biology, 118, 247-253.

Pascoe, P.L., 2002. Chromosomal variation in Nucella lapillus (L.) and other muricid gastropods. , PhD thesis, University of Plymouth.

Pascoe, P.L., Patton, S.J., Critcher, R. & Dixon, D.R. 1996. Robertsonian polymorphism in the marine gastropod, Nucella lapillus: advances in karyology using rDNA loci and NORs. Chromosoma, 104, 455-460.

Pastor. R., 1971. Distribución del erizo de mar, Paracentrotus lividus (Lmk), en la Ría de Vigo. Publ Técn Dir Gen Pesca Marít, Spain, 9, 255-270.

Patel, B. & Crisp, D. J., 1960. The influence of temperature on the breeding and the moulting activities of some warm-water species of operculate barnacles. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 36, 667-680.

Patel, B. & Crisp, D.J., 1960. Rates of development of the embryos of several species of barnacles. Physiology and Zoology, 33, 104-119.

Paterson, D.M. & Hagerthey, S.E., 2001. Microphytobenthos in constrasting coastal ecosystems: biology and dynamics. In Ecological comparisons of sedimentary shores (pp. 105-125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Pathmanaban, O.N., Porter, J.S. and White, I.R., 2005. Dogger Bank itch in the eastern English Channel: a newly described geographical distribution of an old problem. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, 30, 622-626.

Patrick, F.M. & Loutit, M., 1976. Passage of metals in effluents through bacteria to higher organisms. Water Research, 10, 333-335.

Patrick, F.M. & Loutit, M., 1978. Passage of metals to freshwater fish from their food. Water Research, 12, 395-398.

Patzold, J., Ristedt, H. & Wefer, G., 1987. Rate of growth and longevity of a large colony of Pentapora foliacea (Bryozoa) recorded in their oxygen isotope profiles. Marine Biology, 96, 535-538.

Paul, J.D. & Davies, I.M., 1986. Effects of copper-and tin-based anti-fouling compounds on the growth of scallops (Pecten maximus) and oysters (Crassostrea gigas). Aquaculture, 54, 191-203.

Paulet, Y.M., Lucas, A. & Gerard, A., 1988. Reproduction and larval development in two Pecten maximus (L.) populations from Brittany. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 119, 145-156.

Pauley, G.B., B. van der Raay, and D Troutt 1988. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates. (Pacific Northwest) - - Pacific oyster. [online] http://www.nwrc.gov/publications/specintro.htm, 2002-01-30

Paulij, W.P., Bogaards, R.H. & Denuce, J.M., 1990. Influence of salinity on embryonic development and the distribution of Sepia officinalis in the Delta Area (South Western part of The Netherlands). Marine Biology, 107, 17-23.

Pauly, D., 1997. Growth and mortality of the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus and their implications for management of whale sharks Rhincodon typus. 2002). Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management: Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, pp. 309-331.

Pauly, D., 1978. A critique of some literature data on the growth, reproduction and mortality of the lamnid shark Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus). International Council for the Exploration of the Sea CM, 978, 1-10.

Pauly, D., 1997. Growth and mortality of the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus and their implications for management of whale sharks Rhincodon typus.  2002). Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management: Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia,  pp. 309-331.

Pawlik, J.R. & Butman, C.A., 1993. Settlement of a marine tube worm as a function of current velocity: Interacting effects of hydrodynamics and behavior. Limnology and Oceanography, 38 (8), 1730-1740.

Pawlik, J.R., 1968. Larval settlement and metamorphosis of gregarious sabellariid polychaetes, Sabellaria alveolata compared with Phragmatopoma californica. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 68, 101-124.

Pawson, D.L., 1966. Ecology of holothurians. In Physiology of Echinodermata (ed. R.A. Boolootian), pp. 63-71. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Peña V, Bárbara I., 2007a. Maërl community in the northwestern Iberian Peninsula: a

review of floristic studies and long-term changes. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 17: 1-2

Peña, V. & Barbera, I., 2007b. Los fondos de maërl en Galicia. Bulletin of the Spanish Society of Phycology, ALGAS, 37: 11-18. [cited 15/02/16]. Available from .

Peña. V. & Bárbara. I., 2007a. Maërl community in the northwestern Iberian Peninsula: a review of floristic studies and long-term changes. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 17, 1-28.

Peacock, J.D., 1993. Late Quaternary marine mollusca as palaeoenvironmental proxies: A compilation and assessment of basic numerical data for NE Atlantic species found in shallow water, Quaternary Science Reviews, 12, 263-275

Pearce, B., Fariñas-Franco, J.M., Wilson, C., Pitts, J., deBurgh, A. & Somerfield, P.J., 2014. Repeated mapping of reefs constructed by Sabellaria spinulosa Leuckart 1849 at an offshore wind farm site. Continental Shelf Research, 83, 3-13.

Pearce, B., Hill, J.M., Grubb, L., Harper, G., 2011a. Impacts of marine aggregate extraction on adjacent Sabellaria spinulosa aggregations and other benthic fauna. Rep. MEPF 08/P39, The Crown Estate

Pearce, B., Hill, J.M., Wilson, C., Griffin, R., Earnshaw, S., Pitts, J. 2011b. Sabellaria spinulosa reef ecology and ecosystem services The Crown Estate

Pearce, B., Taylor, J., Seiderer, L.J. 2007. Recoverability of Sabellaria spinulosa Following Aggregate Extraction: Marine Ecological Surveys Limited.

Pearce, C.M., & Scheibling, R.E., 1990. Induction of Metamorphosis of Larvae of the Green Sea Urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis, by Coralline Red Algae. Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 179, 304-311.

Pearlmutter, N.L. & Vadas, R.L., 1978. Regeneration or thallus fragments of Rhodochorton purpureum (Rhodophyceae, Nemalionales). Phycologia, 17(2), 186-190.

Pearson, C. 2003. The genetic population structure of the lagoon specialists Nematostella vectensisCerastoderma glaucum and Gammarus insensibilis from populations along the souther and eastern coasts of the United Kingdom.Ph.D. Thesis. University of Southampton.

Pearson, C.V.M., Rogers, A.D. & Sheader, M., 2002. The genetic structure of the rare lagoonal sea anemone, Nematostella vectensis Stephenson (Cnidaria; Anthozoa) in the United Kingdom based on RAPD analysis. Molecular Ecology, 11 (11), 2285-2293.

Pearson, G.A. & Brawley, S.H., 1996. Reproductive ecology of Fucus distichus (Phaeophyceae): an intertidal alga with successful external fertilization. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Oldendorf, 143 (1), 211-223.

Pearson, G.A. & Davison, I.R., 1993. Freezing rate and duration determine the physiological response of intertidal fucoids to freezing. Marine Biology, 115, 353-362.

Pearson, G.A. & Davison, I.R., 1994. Freezing stress and osmotic dehydration in Fucus distichus (Phaeophyta): evidence for physiological similarity. Journal of Phycology, 30, 257-267.

Pearson, G.A., Lago‐Leston, A. & Mota, C., 2009. Frayed at the edges: selective pressure and adaptive response to abiotic stressors are mismatched in low diversity edge populations. Journal of Ecology, 97 (3), 450-462.

Pearson, M. & Pearson, T.H., 1991. Variations in populations of Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (Polychaeta) from the west coast of Scotland. Ophelia, supplement 5, 363-370.

Pearson, T.H & Eleftheriou, A., 1981. The benthic ecology of Sullom Voe. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (B), 80, 241-269.

Pearson, T.H., 1975. The benthic ecology of Loch Linnhe and Loch Eil, a sea-loch system on the west coast of Scotland. IV. Changes in the benthic fauna attributable to organic enrichment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 20, 1-41.

Pearson, T.H. & Black, K.D., 2001. The environmental impacts of marine fish cage culture. In Black, K.D. (ed.) Environmental impacts of aquaculture, pp. 1-31, Sheffield Academic Press.

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., 1978. Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 16, 229-311.

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., 1976. A comparative study of the effects on the marine environment of wastes from cellulose industries in Scotland and Sweden. Ambio, 5, 77-79.

Pearson, T.H., 1970. The benthic ecology of Loch Linnhe and Loch Eil, a sea loch system on the west coast of Scotland. 1: The physical environment and distribution of macrobenthic fauna. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 5, 1-34.

Pearson, T.H., Mannvik, Hans-Petter, Evans, R. & Falk-Petersen, Falk. 1996. The benthic communities of the Snorre Field in the Northern North Sea. 1. The distribution and structure of communities in undisturbed sediments. Journal of Sea Research, 35, 301-314.

Peattie, M.E. & Hoare, R., 1981. The sublittoral ecology of the Menai Strait. II. The sponge Halichondria panicea (Pallas) and its associated fauna. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 13, 621-635.

Pechenik, J. A., 1991. The Molluscs. In Biology of the invertebrates (2nd edn) pp. 269-34. United States: W. C. Brown.

Pechenik, J.A., Fried, B. & Simpkins, H.L., 2001. Crepidula fornicata is not a first intermediate host for trematodes: who is ? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 261, 211-224.

Pechenik, J.A., Hilbish, T.J., Eyster, L.S. & Marshall, D., 1996. Relationship between larval and juvenile growth rates in two marine gastropods, Crepidula plana and C. fornicata. Marine Biology, 125, 119-127.

Peckol, P. & Searles, R.B., 1983. Effects of seasonality and disturbance on population development in a Carolina continental shelf community. Bulletin of Marine Science, 33 (1), 67-86.

Peckol, P., 1988. Physiological and population ecology of intertidal and subtidal Ascophyllum nodosum (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology, 24, 192-198.

Peckol, P., Levings, S.C. & Garrity, S.D., 1990. Kelp response following the World Prodigy oil spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 21, 473-476.

Pedersen, M. & Snoeijs, P., 2001. Patterns of macroalgal diversity, community composition and long-term changes along the Swedish west coast. Hydrobiologia, 459 (1-3), 83-102.

Pedersen, M.F. & Borum, J., 1996. Nutrient control of algal growth in estuarine waters. Nutrient limitation and the importance of nitrogen requirements and nitrogen storage among phytoplankton and species of macroalgae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 142, 262-272.

Pedersen, M.F., Borum, J. & Fotel, L. F., 2009. Phosphorus dynamics and limitation of fast and slow-growing temperate seaweeds in Oslofjord, Norway. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 399, 103-115

Pedersen, M.F., Nejrup, L.B., Fredriksen, S., Christie, H. & Norderhaug, K.M., 2012. Effects of wave exposure on population structure, demography, biomass and productivity of the kelp Laminaria hyperborea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 451, 45-60.

Pedersen, M.F., Stæhr, P.A., Wernberg, T. & Thomsen, M.S., 2005. Biomass dynamics of exotic Sargassum muticum and native Halidrys siliquosa in Limfjorden, Denmark — implications of species replacements on turnover rates. Aquatic Botany, 83 (1), 31-47.

Pedersen, T. M., Almeda, R., Fotel, F.L., Jakobsen, Hans H., Mariani, P. & Hansen, B.W., 2010. Larval growth in the dominant polychaete Polydora ciliata is food-limited in a eutrophic Danish estuary (Isefjord). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 407, 99-110.

Pedersen, T.F., 1991. Metabolic adaptations to hypoxia of two species of Polychaeta, Nephtys ciliata and Nephtys hombergii. Journal of Comparative Physiology B, 161 (2), 213-215.

Pederson, J., Bullock, R., Carlton, J., Dijkstra, J., Dobroski, N., Dyrynda, P., Fisher, R., Harris, L., Hobbs, N. & Lambert, G., 2005. Marine Invaders in the Northeast: Rapid assessment survey of non-native and native marine species of floating dock communities, August 2003. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Sea Grant College Program, pp.

Pedrotti, M.L., 1993. Spatial and temporal distribution and recruitment of echinoderm larvae in the Ligurian Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 73, 513-530.

Peer, D., 1970. Relation between biomass, productivity, and loss to predators in a population of a marine benthic polychaete, Pectinaria hyperborea. Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada, 27 (12), 2143-2153.

Pekkarinen, M., 1983. Seasonal changes in condition and biochemical constituents in the soft parts of Macoma balthica (Lamellibranchiata) in the Trarminne brackish water area (Baltic Sea). Annales Zoologici Fennici, 20, 311-322.

Pellerito, L., Gianguzza, M., Dolcemascolo, G. & Mansueto, C., 1996. Effects of tributyltin (IV) chloride exposure on larvae of Ciona intestinalis (Urochordata): an ultrastructural study. Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 10 (6), 405-413.

Pelseneer, P., 1924. La proportion relative des sexes chez les animaux et particulièrement chez les mollusques: Academie Royale de Belgique. Classe des Sciences Mem Deuxieme Series8, 1-258.

Penfold, R., Hughson, S., & Boyle, N., 1996. The potential for a sea urchin fishery in Shetland. http://www.nafc.ac.uk/publish/note5/note5.htm, 2000-04-14

Penhallurick, R.D., 1990. Turtles off Cornwall, the Isles of Scilly and Devonshire. Truro: Dyllansow Pengwella.

Pennant, T., 1812. British Zoology volume 4, Crustacea, Mollusca, Testacea. London. London.

Penrose, R.S., 2003. UK & Eire Marine Turtle Strandings & Sightings Annual Report 2002. [On-line]. http://www.strandings.com, 2004-12-08

Penry, D.L. & Jumars, P.A., 1990. Gut architecture, digestive constraints and feeding ecology of deposit-feeding and carnivorous polychaetes. Oecologia, 82, 1-11.

Peoples, R.C., 2013. A review of the helminth parasites using polychaetes as hosts. Parasitology Research, 112 (10), 3409-3421.

Peralta, G., Bouma, T.J., van Soelen, J., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L. & Hernández, I., 2003. On the use of sediment fertilization for seagrass restoration: a mesocosm study on Zostera marina L. Aquatic Botany, 75 (2), 95-110.

Peralta, G., Brun, F.G., Perez-Llorens, J. & Bouma, T.J., 2006. Direct effects of current velocity on the growth, morphometry and architecture of seagrasses: a case study on Zostera noltii. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 327, 135.

Peralta, G., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L., Hernández, I. & Vergara, J.J., 2002. Effects of light availability on growth, architecture and nutrient content of the seagrass Zostera noltii Hornem. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 269, 9-26.

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