information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Bibliography (A-Z)

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Palmegiano, G.B. & D'Apote, M.P., 1983. Combined effects of temperature and salinity on cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis L.) hatching. Aquaculture, 35, 259-264.

Palmer, A.R., 1990. Predator size, prey size, and the scaling of vulnerability: hatchling gastropods vs. barnacles. Ecology, 71, 759-775.

Palmer, B.L. & Sideman, E.J., 1988. A field investigation into the effects of interspecific competition on the distribution and cover of Ulothrix flacca. Hydrobiologia, 157 (2), 97-104.

Palmer, D., 2004. Growth of the razor clam Ensis directus, an alien species in the Wash on the east coast of England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 84 (5), 1075-1076.

Palmer, D.L., Burnett, K., Whelpdale, P., 2007. Baseline Survey of Shellfish Resources in Lough Foyle. CEFAS,  C2697, pp

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Papathanassiou, E., 1985. Effects of cadmium ions on the ultrastructure of the gills cells of the brown shrimp Crangon crangon L. Crustaceana, 48, 6-17.

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Parchevskij, V.P. & Rabinovich, M.A., 1991. Growth rate and harvest of the green alga Enteromorpha intestinalis on artificial substrates in sewage and waste water effluents. Biologiya Morya, 2, 1991.

Pardal, M.A., Marques, J.-C. & Bellan, G., 1993. Spatial distribution and seasonal variation of subtidal polychaete populations in the Mondego estuary (western Portugal). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 34, 497-512.

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S., 1976. Check-list of British Marine Algae - Third Revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 56, 527-594.

Parke, M., 1948. Studies on British Laminariaceae. I. Growth in Laminaria saccharina (L.) Lamour. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 27, 651-709.

Parker, A.R., McPhedran, R.C., McKenzie, D.R., Botten, L.C. & Nicorovici, N.-A.P., 2001. Aphrodite's iridescence. Nature, 409, 36-37.

Parker, H., 1981. Influence of relative water motion on the growth, ammonium uptake and carbon and nitrogen composition of Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyta). Marine Biology, 63 (3), 309-318.

Parker, H., 1982. Effects of simulated current on the growth rate and nitrogen metabolism of Gracilaria tikvahiae (Rhodophyta). Marine Biology, 69 (2), 137-145.

Parker, H.W. & Boeseman, M., 1954. The Basking Shark, Cetorhinus maximus, in winter. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 124 (1), 185-194.

Parker, H.W. & Stott, F.C., 1965. Age size and vertebral calcification in the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus). Zoologische Mededelingen, 40, 305-319.

Parker, M. & West, B., 1979. The natural history of Neomysis integer (Leach) in Lough Furnace, Co. Mayo, a brackish lough on the west coast of Ireland. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 8, 157-167.

Parker, M., 1979. Neomysis integer (Leach) (Crustacea: Mysidacea): Records and distribution in Ireland. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 19, 339-342.

Parker, T., Johnson, C. & Chapman, A.R.O., 1993. Gammarid amphipods and littorinid snails have significant but different effects on algal succession in littoral fringe tidepools. Ophelia, 38, 69-88.

Parmentier, J., 1998. Growth of a Starfish: development of the larvae of an echinoderm., 2001-02-01

Parr, W., Clarke, S.J., Van Dijk, P., Morgan, N., 1998. Turbidity in English and Welsh tidal waters. Report No. CO 4301/1 to English Nature.

Parry, G.D. & Cohen, B.F., 2001. Exotic species established in Western Port, including an assessment of the status of the exotic species Corbula gibba, Alexandrium spp, Gymnodinium spp and Undaria pinnatifida. Report No. 45 [On-line], 2004-01-28

Parry, H., & Pipe, R., 2004. Interactive effects of temperature and copper on immunocompetence and disease susceptibility in mussels (Mytilus edulis). Aquatic Toxicology 69: 311-25

Parslow, J.L.F., 1973. Mercury in waders from the Wash. Environmental Pollution, 5, 295-304.

Parslow-Williams, P., Goodheir, C., Atkinson, R.J.A. & Taylor, A.C., 2002. Feeding energetics of the Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. Ophelia, 56, 101-120.

Parslow-Williams, P.J., Atkinson, R.J.A. & Taylor, A.C., 2001. Nucleic acids as indicators of nutritional condition in the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 211, 235-243.

Pascoe, P.L. & Dixon, D.R., 1994. Structural chromosomal polymorphism in the dog-whelk Nucella lapillus (Mollusca: Neogastropoda). Marine Biology, 118, 247-253.

Pascoe, P.L., 2002. Chromosomal variation in Nucella lapillus (L.) and other muricid gastropods. , PhD thesis, University of Plymouth.

Pascoe, P.L., Patton, S.J., Critcher, R. & Dixon, D.R. 1996. Robertsonian polymorphism in the marine gastropod, Nucella lapillus: advances in karyology using rDNA loci and NORs. Chromosoma, 104, 455-460.

Pastor. R., 1971. Distribución del erizo de mar, Paracentrotus lividus (Lmk), en la Ría de Vigo. Publ Técn Dir Gen Pesca Marít, Spain, 9, 255-270.

Patel, B. & Crisp, D. J., 1960. The influence of temperature on the breeding and the moulting activities of some warm-water species of operculate barnacles. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 36, 667-680.

Patel, B. & Crisp, D.J., 1960. Rates of development of the embryos of several species of barnacles. Physiology and Zoology, 33, 104-119.

Paterson, D.M. & Hagerthey, S.E., 2001. Microphytobenthos in constrasting coastal ecosystems: biology and dynamics. In Ecological comparisons of sedimentary shores (pp. 105-125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Pathmanaban, O.N., Porter, J.S. and White, I.R., 2005. Dogger Bank itch in the eastern English Channel: a newly described geographical distribution of an old problem. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, 30, 622-626.

Patrick, F.M. & Loutit, M., 1976. Passage of metals in effluents through bacteria to higher organisms. Water Research, 10, 333-335.

Patrick, F.M. & Loutit, M., 1978. Passage of metals to freshwater fish from their food. Water Research, 12, 395-398.

Patzold, J., Ristedt, H. & Wefer, G., 1987. Rate of growth and longevity of a large colony of Pentapora foliacea (Bryozoa) recorded in their oxygen isotope profiles. Marine Biology, 96, 535-538.

Paul, J.D. & Davies, I.M., 1986. Effects of copper-and tin-based anti-fouling compounds on the growth of scallops (Pecten maximus) and oysters (Crassostrea gigas). Aquaculture, 54, 191-203.

Paulet, Y.M., Lucas, A. & Gerard, A., 1988. Reproduction and larval development in two Pecten maximus (L.) populations from Brittany. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 119, 145-156.

Pauley, G.B., B. van der Raay, and D Troutt 1988. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates. (Pacific Northwest) - - Pacific oyster. [online], 2002-01-30

Paulij, W.P., Bogaards, R.H. & Denuce, J.M., 1990. Influence of salinity on embryonic development and the distribution of Sepia officinalis in the Delta Area (South Western part of The Netherlands). Marine Biology, 107, 17-23.

Pauly, D., 1997. Growth and mortality of the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus and their implications for management of whale sharks Rhincodon typus. 2002). Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management: Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, pp. 309-331.

Pauly, D., 1978. A critique of some literature data on the growth, reproduction and mortality of the lamnid shark Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus). International Council for the Exploration of the Sea CM, 978, 1-10.

Pauly, D., 1997. Growth and mortality of the basking shark Cetorhinus maximus and their implications for management of whale sharks Rhincodon typus.  2002). Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management: Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia,  pp. 309-331.

Pawlik, J.R. & Butman, C.A., 1993. Settlement of a marine tube worm as a function of current velocity: Interacting effects of hydrodynamics and behavior. Limnology and Oceanography, 38 (8), 1730-1740.

Pawlik, J.R., 1968. Larval settlement and metamorphosis of gregarious sabellariid polychaetes, Sabellaria alveolata compared with Phragmatopoma californica. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 68, 101-124.

Pawson, D.L., 1966. Ecology of holothurians. In Physiology of Echinodermata (ed. R.A. Boolootian), pp. 63-71. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

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Peña. V. & Bárbara. I., 2007a. Maërl community in the northwestern Iberian Peninsula: a review of floristic studies and long-term changes. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 17, 1-28.

Peacock, J.D., 1993. Late Quaternary marine mollusca as palaeoenvironmental proxies: A compilation and assessment of basic numerical data for NE Atlantic species found in shallow water, Quaternary Science Reviews, 12, 263-275

Pearce, B., Fariñas-Franco, J.M., Wilson, C., Pitts, J., deBurgh, A. & Somerfield, P.J., 2014. Repeated mapping of reefs constructed by Sabellaria spinulosa Leuckart 1849 at an offshore wind farm site. Continental Shelf Research, 83, 3-13.

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Pearlmutter, N.L. & Vadas, R.L., 1978. Regeneration or thallus fragments of Rhodochorton purpureum (Rhodophyceae, Nemalionales). Phycologia, 17(2), 186-190.

Pearson, C. 2003. The genetic population structure of the lagoon specialists Nematostella vectensisCerastoderma glaucum and Gammarus insensibilis from populations along the souther and eastern coasts of the United Kingdom.Ph.D. Thesis. University of Southampton.

Pearson, C.V.M., Rogers, A.D. & Sheader, M., 2002. The genetic structure of the rare lagoonal sea anemone, Nematostella vectensis Stephenson (Cnidaria; Anthozoa) in the United Kingdom based on RAPD analysis. Molecular Ecology, 11 (11), 2285-2293.

Pearson, G.A. & Brawley, S.H., 1996. Reproductive ecology of Fucus distichus (Phaeophyceae): an intertidal alga with successful external fertilization. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Oldendorf, 143 (1), 211-223.

Pearson, G.A. & Davison, I.R., 1993. Freezing rate and duration determine the physiological response of intertidal fucoids to freezing. Marine Biology, 115, 353-362.

Pearson, G.A. & Davison, I.R., 1994. Freezing stress and osmotic dehydration in Fucus distichus (Phaeophyta): evidence for physiological similarity. Journal of Phycology, 30, 257-267.

Pearson, G.A., Lago‐Leston, A. & Mota, C., 2009. Frayed at the edges: selective pressure and adaptive response to abiotic stressors are mismatched in low diversity edge populations. Journal of Ecology, 97 (3), 450-462.

Pearson, M. & Pearson, T.H., 1991. Variations in populations of Capitella capitata (Fabricius, 1780) (Polychaeta) from the west coast of Scotland. Ophelia, supplement 5, 363-370.

Pearson, T.H & Eleftheriou, A., 1981. The benthic ecology of Sullom Voe. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (B), 80, 241-269.

Pearson, T.H., 1975. The benthic ecology of Loch Linnhe and Loch Eil, a sea-loch system on the west coast of Scotland. IV. Changes in the benthic fauna attributable to organic enrichment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 20, 1-41.

Pearson, T.H. & Black, K.D., 2001. The environmental impacts of marine fish cage culture. In Black, K.D. (ed.) Environmental impacts of aquaculture, pp. 1-31, Sheffield Academic Press.

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., 1978. Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 16, 229-311.

Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R., 1976. A comparative study of the effects on the marine environment of wastes from cellulose industries in Scotland and Sweden. Ambio, 5, 77-79.

Pearson, T.H., 1970. The benthic ecology of Loch Linnhe and Loch Eil, a sea loch system on the west coast of Scotland. 1: The physical environment and distribution of macrobenthic fauna. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 5, 1-34.

Pearson, T.H., Mannvik, Hans-Petter, Evans, R. & Falk-Petersen, Falk. 1996. The benthic communities of the Snorre Field in the Northern North Sea. 1. The distribution and structure of communities in undisturbed sediments. Journal of Sea Research, 35, 301-314.

Peattie, M.E. & Hoare, R., 1981. The sublittoral ecology of the Menai Strait. II. The sponge Halichondria panicea (Pallas) and its associated fauna. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 13, 621-635.

Pechenik, J. A., 1991. The Molluscs. In Biology of the invertebrates (2nd edn) pp. 269-34. United States: W. C. Brown.

Pechenik, J.A., Fried, B. & Simpkins, H.L., 2001. Crepidula fornicata is not a first intermediate host for trematodes: who is ? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 261, 211-224.

Pechenik, J.A., Hilbish, T.J., Eyster, L.S. & Marshall, D., 1996. Relationship between larval and juvenile growth rates in two marine gastropods, Crepidula plana and C. fornicata. Marine Biology, 125, 119-127.

Peckol, P. & Searles, R.B., 1983. Effects of seasonality and disturbance on population development in a Carolina continental shelf community. Bulletin of Marine Science, 33 (1), 67-86.

Peckol, P., 1988. Physiological and population ecology of intertidal and subtidal Ascophyllum nodosum (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology, 24, 192-198.

Peckol, P., Levings, S.C. & Garrity, S.D., 1990. Kelp response following the World Prodigy oil spill. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 21, 473-476.

Pedersen, M. & Snoeijs, P., 2001. Patterns of macroalgal diversity, community composition and long-term changes along the Swedish west coast. Hydrobiologia, 459 (1-3), 83-102.

Pedersen, M.F. & Borum, J., 1996. Nutrient control of algal growth in estuarine waters. Nutrient limitation and the importance of nitrogen requirements and nitrogen storage among phytoplankton and species of macroalgae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 142, 262-272.

Pedersen, M.F., Borum, J. & Fotel, L. F., 2009. Phosphorus dynamics and limitation of fast and slow-growing temperate seaweeds in Oslofjord, Norway. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 399, 103-115

Pedersen, M.F., Nejrup, L.B., Fredriksen, S., Christie, H. & Norderhaug, K.M., 2012. Effects of wave exposure on population structure, demography, biomass and productivity of the kelp Laminaria hyperborea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 451, 45-60.

Pedersen, M.F., Stæhr, P.A., Wernberg, T. & Thomsen, M.S., 2005. Biomass dynamics of exotic Sargassum muticum and native Halidrys siliquosa in Limfjorden, Denmark — implications of species replacements on turnover rates. Aquatic Botany, 83 (1), 31-47.

Pedersen, T. M., Almeda, R., Fotel, F.L., Jakobsen, Hans H., Mariani, P. & Hansen, B.W., 2010. Larval growth in the dominant polychaete Polydora ciliata is food-limited in a eutrophic Danish estuary (Isefjord). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 407, 99-110.

Pedersen, T.F., 1991. Metabolic adaptations to hypoxia of two species of Polychaeta, Nephtys ciliata and Nephtys hombergii. Journal of Comparative Physiology B, 161 (2), 213-215.

Pederson, J., Bullock, R., Carlton, J., Dijkstra, J., Dobroski, N., Dyrynda, P., Fisher, R., Harris, L., Hobbs, N. & Lambert, G., 2005. Marine Invaders in the Northeast: Rapid assessment survey of non-native and native marine species of floating dock communities, August 2003. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Sea Grant College Program, pp.

Pedrotti, M.L., 1993. Spatial and temporal distribution and recruitment of echinoderm larvae in the Ligurian Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 73, 513-530.

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Pekkarinen, M., 1983. Seasonal changes in condition and biochemical constituents in the soft parts of Macoma balthica (Lamellibranchiata) in the Trarminne brackish water area (Baltic Sea). Annales Zoologici Fennici, 20, 311-322.

Pellerito, L., Gianguzza, M., Dolcemascolo, G. & Mansueto, C., 1996. Effects of tributyltin (IV) chloride exposure on larvae of Ciona intestinalis (Urochordata): an ultrastructural study. Applied Organometallic Chemistry, 10 (6), 405-413.

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Peralta, G., Brun, F.G., Perez-Llorens, J. & Bouma, T.J., 2006. Direct effects of current velocity on the growth, morphometry and architecture of seagrasses: a case study on Zostera noltii. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 327, 135.

Peralta, G., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L., Hernández, I. & Vergara, J.J., 2002. Effects of light availability on growth, architecture and nutrient content of the seagrass Zostera noltii Hornem. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 269, 9-26.

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