MarLIN

information on the biology of species and the ecology of habitats found around the coasts and seas of the British Isles

Bibliography (A-Z)

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Saffo, M.B. & Davis, W.L., 1982. Modes of infection of the ascidian Molgula manhattensis by its endosymbiont Nephromyces Giard Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 162, 105-112.

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Sagasti, A., Schaffner, L.C. & Duffy, J.E., 2000. Epifaunal communities thrive in an estuary with hypoxic episodes. Estuaries, 23, 474-487.

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Saier, B. & Chapman, A.S., 2004. Crusts of the alien bryozoan Membranipora membranacea can negatively impact spore output from native kelps (Laminaria longicruris). Botanica Marina, 47 (4), 265-271.

Saila, S.B., Pratt, S.D. & Polgar, T.T., 1972. Dredge spoil disposal in Rhode Island Sound. Kingston: University of Rhode Island Kingston.

Sainte-Marie, B. & Brunel, P., 1983. Differences in life history and success between suprabenthic shelf populations of Arrhis phyllonyx (Amphipoda Gammaridea) in two ecosystems of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 3, 45-67

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Sala, E., Garrabon, J. & Zabala, M., 1996. Effects of diver frequentation on Mediterranean sublittoral populations of the bryozoan Pentapora fascialis. Marine Biology, 126, 451-459.

Salas, F., Marcos, C., Neto, J., Patrício, J., Pérez-Ruzafa, A. & Marques, J., 2006. User-friendly guide for using benthic ecological indicators in coastal and marine quality assessment. Ocean & Coastal Management, 49 (5), 308-331.

Salemma, H., 1987. Herbivory and microhabitat preferences of Idotea spp. (Isopoda) in the Northern Baltic Sea. Ophelia, 27, 1-15.

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Salman, S., 1982. Seasonal and short-term variations in abundance of barnacle larvae near the south-west of the Isle of Man. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 15 (3), 241-253.

Salman, S.D., 1981. Larval development of Macropodia tenuirostris (Leach) (Crustacea, Brachyura, Majidae), reared in the laboratory. Journal of Natural History, 15, 931-938.

Salo, T. & Pedersen, M.F., 2014. Synergistic effects of altered salinity and temperature on estuarine eelgrass (Zostera marina) seedlings and clonal shoots. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 457, 143-150.

Salo, T., Pedersen, M.F. & Boström, C., 2014. Population specific salinity tolerance in eelgrass (Zostera marina). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 461, 425-429.

Salvat, B., 1967. La macrofaune carcinologique endogeé des sédiments meubles intertideaux (Tanaidacés, Isopodes et Amphipodes), éthologie, biomie et cycle biologique. Memoires du Muséum National d' Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 45 (A), 139-163.

Salvat, B., 1966. Eurydice pulchra (Leach 1815), Eurydice affinis (Hansen 1905) Isopodes Cirolanidae, taxonomie, éthologie, écologie, répartition verticale et cycle reproducteur. Acta Societé Linnean. Bordeaux, 103 (A), 1-77.

Salvini-Plawen, L.V., 1977. Caudofoveata (Mollusca), Priapulida and apodous holothurian (Labidoplax, Myriothrochus) off Banyuls and throughout the Mediterranean. Vie et Milieu, Paris, 27, 55-81.

Salvini-Plawen, L.V., 1972. Cnidaria as food sources for marine invertebrates. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 13, 385-400.

Salzwedel, H., 1979. Reproduction, growth, mortality and variations in abundance and biomass of Tellina fabula (Bivalvia) in the German Bight in 1975/1976. Veroffentlichungen des Instituts fur Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven, 18, 111-202.

Salzwedel, H., Rachor, E. & Gerdes, D., 1985. Benthic macrofauna communities in the German Bight. Verifflithungen des Institut fur Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven, 20, 199-267.

Samuelsen, O.B., Nerland, A.H., Jørgensen, T., Schrøder, M.B., Terje Svåsand, T. & Bergh, Ø., 2006. Viral and bacterial diseases of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua, their prophylaxis and treatment: a review. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 71, 239-254.

Samuelson, G.M., 2001. Polychaetes as indicators of environmental disturbance on subarctic tidal flats, Iqaluit, Baffin Island, Nunavut Territory. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42 (9), 733-741.

Sanchez, P., Demestre, M., Ramon, M. & Kaiser, M.J., 2000. The impact of otter trawling on mud communities in the northwestern Mediterranean. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 1352-1358.

Sanchez-Salazar, M.E., Griffiths, C.C. & Seed, R., 1987. The interactive roles of predation and tidal elevation in structuring populations of the edible cockle, Cerastoderma edule. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 25, 245-260.

Sancho, L.G., Allan Green, T.G. & Pintado, A., 2007. Slowest to fastest: Extreme range in lichen growth rates supports their use as an indicator of climate change in Antarctica. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 202 (8), 667-673.

Sand, O. & Karlsen, H.E., 1986. Detection of infrasound by the Atlantic cod. Journal of Experimental Biology, 125, 197-204.

Sand-Jensen, K., Revsbech, N.P. & Jørgensen, B.B., 1985. Microprofiles of oxygen in epiphyte communities on submerged macrophytes. Marine Biology, 89, 55-62.

Sandberg, E., 1997. Does oxygen deficiency modify the functional response of Saduria entomon (Isopoda) to Bathyporeia pilosa (Amphipoda)? Marine Biology, 129 (3), 499-504.

Sanders, H.L., 1968. Marine Benthic Diversity: A Comparative Study. The American Naturalist, 102 (925), 243.

Sanders, H.L., 1978. Florida oil spill impact on the Buzzards Bay benthic fauna: West Falmouth. Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada, 35 (5), 717-730.

Sanders, H.L., 1978. Florida oil spill impact on the Buzzards Bay benthic fauna: West Falmouth. Journal of the Fisheries Board of Canada, 35, 717-730.

Sanders, H.L., Grassle, J.F., Hampson, G.R., Morse, L.S., Garner-Price, S. & Jones, C.C., 1980. Anatomy of an oil spill: long-term effects from the grounding of the barge Florida off West Falmouth, Massachusetts. Journal of Marine Research, 38 (2), 265-380.

Sanderson, J., Dring, M., Davidson, K. & Kelly, M., 2012. Culture, yield and bioremediation potential of Palmaria palmata (Linnaeus) Weber & Mohr and Saccharina latissima (Linnaeus) adjacent to fish farm cages in northwest Scotland. Aquaculture, 354, 128-135.

Sanderson, S.L., Roberts, E., Lineburg, J. & Brooks, H., 2016. Fish mouths as engineering structures for vortical cross-step filtration. Nature Communications, 7, 11092.

Sanderson, W.G., 1996. Rare benthic marine flora and fauna in Great Britain: the development of criteria for assessment. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough. JNCC Report, no. 240.

Sanderson, W.G., Holt, R.H.F., Kay, L., Wyn, G. & McMath, A.J., 2001. The establishment of a programme of surveillance and monitoring for judging the condition of the features of Pen Llyn a'r Sarnau cSAC. , Unpublished. Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor. (CCW Contract Science Report No. 280).

Sandford, F., (2003). Population dynamics and epibiont associations of hermit crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguroidea) on Dog Island, Florida. Memoirs of Museum Victoria, 60 (1), 45-52.

Sandison, E.E., 1968. Respiratory response to temperature and temperature tolerance of some intertidal gastropods. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 1, 271-281.

Sandrock, S., Scharf, E-M., von Oertzen, J.A., 1991. Short-term changes in settlement of micro- and macro-fouling organisms in brackish waters. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 21(Suppl.), 221-235.

Sanford, E., Bermudez, D., Bertness, M.D. & Gaines, S.D., 1994. Flow, food supply and acorn barnacle population dynamics. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 104, 49-49.

Sangalang, G.B., Freeman, H.C. & Crowell, R., 1981. Testicular abnormalities in cod (Gadus morhua) fed Aroclor 1254. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 10(5), 617-626.

Santalova, E.A., Makarieva, T.N., Gorshkova, I.A., Dmitrenok, A.S., Krasokhin, V.B. & Stonik, V.A., 2004. Sterols from six marine sponges. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 32 (2), 153-167.

Santini, G., Bruschini, C., Pazzagli, L., Pieraccini, G., Moneti, G. & Chelazzi, G., 2001. Metabolic responses of the limpet Patella caerula (L.) to anoxia and dehydration. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 130A, 1-8.

Santos, R., 1993. A multivariate study of biotic and abiotic relationships in a subtidal algal stand. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 94, 181-190.

Sanz-Lázaro, C. & Marín, A., 2011. Diversity patterns of benthic macrofauna caused by marine fish farming. Diversity, 3 (2), 176-199.

Saranchova, O. L. & Kulakovskii, E.E., 1982. Effect of environmental salinity on different developmental stages of the seastar Asterias rubens and mussel Mytilus edulis. The Soviet Journal of Marine Biology, 8, 32-36.

Sardá, R. Foreman, K., Werme, C.E. & Valiela, I., 1998. The impact of epifaunal predation on the structure of macroinfaunal invertebrate communities of tidal saltmarsh creeks. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 46, 657-669.

Sardá, R., Martin, D., Pinedo, S., Dueso, A. & Cardell, M.J., 1995. Seasonal dynamics of shallow soft-bottom communities in western Mediterranean. In: The Biology and Ecology of Shallow Waters (A. Eleftheriou et al. (eds.). Fredensborg: Olsen & Olsen, pp 191-198.

Sardá, R., Pinedo, S. & Martin, D., 1999. Seasonal dynamics of macroinfaunal key species inhabiting shallow soft-bottoms in the Bay of Blanes (NW Mediterranean). Publications Elsevier: Paris.

Sardá, R., Pinedo, S., Gremare, A. & Taboada, S., 2000. Changes in the dynamics of shallow sandy-bottom assemblages due to sand extraction in the Catalan Western Mediterranean Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57 (5), 1446-1453.

Sardá, R., Pinedo, S., Gremare, A. & Taboada, S., 2000. Changes in the dynamics of shallow sandy-bottom assemblages due to sand extraction in the Catalan Western Mediterranean Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57 (5), 1446-1453.

Sardà, R., 1995. A review (1967-1990) of some aspects of the life history of Nephrops norvegicus. ICES Marine Science Symposia, 199, 78-88.

Sartoretto S. & Francour P., 2011. Bathymetric distribution and growth rates of Eunicella verrucosa (Cnidaria: Gorgoniidae) populations along the Marseilles coast (France). Scientia Marina, 76(2), 349-355.

Sasal, P., Pages, J.R. & Euzet, L., 1998. Haliotrema cupensis n. sp. (Monogena, Ancyrocephalidae) from a marine gobiid (Teleostei, Perciformes) of the Mediterranean coast. Systematic Parasitology, 39, 107-112.

Sassaman, C. & Mangum, C., 1970. Patterns of temperature adaptation in North American Atlantic coastal actinians. Marine Biology, 7 (2), 123-130.

Sastry, A., 1966. Temperature effects in reproduction of the bay scallop, Aequipecten irradians Lamarck. The Biological Bulletin, 130 (1), 118-134.

Sastry, A.N., 1983. Ecological aspects of reproduction. In The biology of Crustacea, vol. 8. (ed. F.J. Vernberg & W.B. Vernberg ), pp.179-270. London: Academic Press.

Saunders, R. & Connell, S., 2001. Interactive effects of shade and surface orientation on the recruitment of spirorbid polychaetes. Austral Ecology, 26 (1), 109-115.

Sauriau, P.G., Pichocki-Seyfried, C., Walker, P., De Montauduin, A., Pascual, A. & Heral, M., 1998. Crepidula fornicata L. (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in the Marennes-Oleron Bay : side-scan sonar mapping of subtidal and stock assessment. Oceanologica Acta, 21, 353-362.

Savari, A., Lockwood, A.P.M. & Sheader, M., 1991. Variation in the physiological state of the common cockle (Cerastoderma edule (L.)) in the laboratory and in Southampton Water. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 57, 33-34.

Savari, A., Lockwood, A.P.M. & Sheader, M., 1991a. Variation in the physiological state of the common cockle (Cerastoderma edule (L.)) in the laboratory and in Southampton Water. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 57, 33-34.

Savari, A., Lockwood, A.P.M. & Sheader, M., 1991b. Effects of season and size(age) on heavy metal concentration of the common cockle (Cerastoderma edule (L.)) from Southampton Water. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 57, 33-44.

Savina, M. & Pouvreau, S., 2004. A comparative ecophysiological study of two infaunal filter-feeding bivalves: Paphia rhomboıdes and Glycymeris glycymeris. Aquaculture, 239 (1), 289-306.

Sawabe, T., Makino, H., Tatsumi, M., Nakano, K., Tajima, K., Iqbal, M.M., Yumoto, I., Ezura, Y. & Christen, R., 1998. Pseudoalteromonas bacteriolytica sp. nov., a marine bacterium that is the causative agent of red spot disease of Laminaria japonica. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 48 (3), 769-774.

Say, P.J., Burrows, I.G. & Whitton, B.A., 1990. Enteromorpha as a monitor of heavy metals in estuaries. Hydrobiologia, 195, 119-126.

Sazykina, T.G., 1998. Long-Distance Radionuclide Transfer in the Arctic Seas Related to Fish Migrations. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 75, 219-222.

Sbaihat, M., Reyati, S. & Al-Najjar, T., 2013. Levels of heavy metals in Ophoroidea (Ophiocoma scolopendrina) from the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 22 (12), 3519-3524.

Scanlan, C.M. & Wilkinson, M., 1987. The use of seaweeds in biocide toxicity testing. Part 1. The sensitivity of different stages in the life-history of Fucus and of other algae, to certain biocides. Marine Environmental Research, 21, 11-29.

Scapini, F., 2014. Behaviour of mobile macrofauna is a key factor in beach ecology as response to rapid environmental changes. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 150, 36-44.

Scapini, F., Campacci, F. & Audoglio, M., 1999. Variation among natural populations of Talitrus saltator (Amphipoda): Morphometric analysis. Crustaceana, 72, 659-672.

Scapini, F., Chelazzi, L., Colombini, I. & Fallaci, M., 1992. Surface activity, zonations and migrations of Talitrus saltator on a Mediterranean beach. Marine Biology, 112, 573-581.

Scaps, P., 2002. A review of the biology, ecology and potential use of the common ragworm Hediste diversicolor (O.F. Müller) (Annelida: Polychaeta). Hydrobiologia, 470, 203-218.

Scarlett, A., Donkin, M.E., Fileman, T.W. & Donkin, P., 1997. Occurrence of the marine antifouling agent Irgarol 1051 within the Plymouth Sound locality: implications for the green macroalga Enteromorpha intestinalis. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 38, 645-651.

Schäfer, S. & Köhler, A., 2009. Gonadal lesions of female sea urchin (Psammechinus miliaris) after exposure to the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon phenanthrene. Marine environmental research, 68 (3), 128-136.

Schönberg, C.H.L., 2015. Happy relationships between marine sponges and sediments–a review and some observations from Australia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 1-22.

Schönberg, C. & Wilkinson, C., 2001. Induced colonization of corals by a clionid bioeroding sponge. Coral Reefs, 20 (1), 69-76.

Schönberg, C. & Wilkinson, C., 2001. Induced colonization of corals by a clionid bioeroding sponge. Coral Reefs, 20 (1), 69-76.

Schöne, B.R., Rodland, D.L., Wehrmann, A., Heidel, B., Oschmann, W., Zhang, Z.J., Fiebig, J. & Beck, L., 2007. Combined sclerochronologic and oxygen isotope analysis of gastropod shells (Gibbula cineraria, North Sea): life-history traits and utility as a high-resolution environmental archive for kelp forests. Marine Biology, 150 (6), 1237-1252.

Schöttler, U., 1982. An investigation on the anaerobic metabolism of Nephtys hombergii (Annelida: Polychaeta). Marine Biology, 71 (3), 265-269.

Schückel, U., Ehrich, S. & Kröncke, I. (2010). Temporal variability of three different macrofauna communities in the northern North Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 89(1): 1-11.

Schückel, U., Ehrich, S. & Kröncke, I., 2010. Temporal variability of three macrofauna communities in the northern North Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 89, 1-11.

Schückel, U., Ehrich, S. & Kröncke, I., 2010. Temporal variability of three different macrofauna communities in the northern North Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 89 (1), 1-11.

Schäfer, H., 1972. Ecology and palaeoecology of marine environments, 568 pp. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Scheibling, R.E. & Gagnon, P., 2006. Competitive interactions between the invasive green alga Codium fragile ssp tomentosoides and native canopy-forming seaweeds in Nova Scotia (Canada). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 325, 1-14.

Scheibling, R.E., Hennigar, A.W. & Balch, T., 1999. Destructive grazing, epiphytism, and disease: the dynamics of sea urchin-kelp interactions in Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 56 (12), 2300-2314.

Scheibling, R.E., Lyons, D.A. & Sumi, C.B., 2008. Grazing of the invasive alga Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides by the common periwinkle Littorina littorea: effects of thallus size, age and condition. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 355 (2), 103-113.

Scheibling, R.E., Lyons, D.A. & Sumi, C.B., 2008. Grazing of the invasive alga Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides by the common periwinkle Littorina littorea: effects of thallus size, age and condition. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 355 (2), 103-113.

Scheltema, R.S. & Williams, I.P., 1983. Long distance dispersal of planktonic larvae and the biogeography and evolution of some Polynesian and West Pacific molluscs Bulletin of Marine Science, 33, 545-565.

Scheltema, R.S., 1971. The dispersal of the larvae of shoal-water benthic invertebrate species over long distances by ocean currents. In Proceedings of the Forth European Marine Biology Symposium, Bangor, 1969 (ed. D.J. Crisp), pp. 7-28. Cambridge University Press.

Scheltema, R.S., 1974. Biological interactions determining larval settlement of marine invertebrates. Thalassia Jugoslavica, 10, 263-296.

Schiaparelli, S., Castellano, M., Povero, P., Sartoni, G. & Cattaneo‐Vietti, R., 2007. A benthic mucilage event in North‐Western Mediterranean Sea and its possible relationships with the summer 2003 European heatwave: short term effects on littoral rocky assemblages. Marine Ecology, 28 (3), 341-353.

Schiel, D.R. & Foster, M.S., 2006. The population biology of large brown seaweeds: ecological consequences of multiphase life histories in dynamic coastal environments. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 343-372.

Schiel, D.R. & Foster, M.S., 1986. The structure of subtidal algal stands in temperate waters. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 24, 265-307.

Schiel, D.R. & Lilley, S.A., 2011. Impacts and negative feedbacks in community recovery over eight years following removal of habitat-forming macroalgae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 407 (1), 108-115.

Schiel, D.R. & Taylor, D.I., 1999. Effects of trampling on a rocky intertidal algal assemblage in southern New Zealand. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 235, 213-235.

Schiel, D.R., Wood, S.A., Dunmore, R.A. & Taylor, D.I., 2006. Sediment on rocky intertidal reefs: effects on early post-settlement stages of habitat-forming seaweeds. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 331 (2), 158-172.

Schiff, K.C., 1991. The effect and accumulation of sediment-adsorbed DDT in the polychaete, Capitella capitata. Bulletin of Marine Science, 48, 594.

Schinner, G.O., 1993. Burrowing behaviour, substratum preference and distribution of Schisater canaliferus (Echinoidea: Spatangoida) in the Northern Adriatic Sea. Marine Ecology, 14, 129-145.

Schintu, M., Marras, B., Durante, L., Meloni, P. & Contu A., 2010. Macroalgae and DGT as indicators of available trace metals in marine coastal waters near a lead-zinc smelter. Environ Monit Assess, 167, 653-661.

Schlacher, T.A. & Wooldridge, T.H., 1994. Tidal influence on distribution and behaviour of the estuarine opossum shrimp Gastrosaccus brevifissura. In: Changes in fluxes in estuaries: implications from science to management, (ed. K.D. Dyer & R.J. Orth), pp.307-312. Fredesborg: Olsen & Olsen.

Schlaff, A.M., Heupel, M.R. & Simpfendorfer, C.A., 2014. Influence of environmental factors on shark and ray movement, behaviour and habitat use: a review. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 24 (4), 1089-1103.

Schlieper, C., Flügel, H. & Theede, H., 1967. Experimental investigations of the cellular resistance range of marine temperate and tropical bivalves: Results of the Indian Ocean expedition of the German research association. Physiological Zoology, 40, 345-360.

Schlieper, E., Kowalski, R. & Erman, P., 1958. Beitrag zur öklogisch-zellphysiologishen Charakterisierung des borealen Lamellibranchier Modiolus modiolus L. Kieler Meeresforsch, 14, 3-10.

Schmidt, A.L. & Scheibling, R.E., 2007. Effects of native and invasive macroalgal canopies on composition and abundance of mobile benthic macrofauna and turf-forming algae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 341 (1), 110-130.

Schmidt, A.L. & Scheibling, R.E., 2006. A comparison of epifauna and epiphytes on native kelps (Laminaria species) and an invasive alga (Codium fragile ssp tomentosoides) in Nova Scotia, Canada. Botanica Marina, 49 (4), 315-330.

Schmidt, G. H. Warner, G. F. 1993. The settlement and growth of Sertularia cupressina (Hydrozoa, Sertulariidae) in Langstone Harbour, Hampshire, UK.

Schmidt, G.H. & Warner, G.F., 1984. Effects of caging on the development of a sessile epifaunal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Oldendorf, 15 (3), 251-263.

Schmidt, G.H., 1983. The hydroid Tubularia larynx causing 'bloom' of the ascidians Ciona intestinalis and Ascidiella aspersa. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 12, 103-105.

Schmitt, A.S.C. & Uglow, R.F., 1997. Haemolymph constituent levels and ammonia efflux rate of Nephrops norvegicus during emersion. Marine Biology, 127, 403-410.

Schneider, D., 1963. Normal and phototropic growth reactions in the marine bryozoan Bugula avicularia. In The lower metazoa. Comparative biology and phylogeny (ed. E.C. Dougherty), pp. 357-371.

Schneider, S.D., Boates, J.S. & Forbes, M., 1994. Sex ratios of Corophium volutator (Pallas) (Crustacea: Amphipoda) in Bay of Fundy populations. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 72, 1915-1921.

Schoeman, D.S., McLachan, A. & Dugan, J.E., 2000. Lessons from a disturbance experiment in the intertidal zone of an exposed sandy beach. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 50, 869-884.

Scholz, U. & Waller, U., 1992. The oxygen requirements of three fish species from the German Bight: cod Gadus morhua, plaice Pleuronectes platessa, and dab Limanda limanda. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 8, 72-76.

Schonbeck, M. & Norton, T., 1979. Drought-hardening in the upper-shore seaweeds Fucus spiralis and Pelvetia canaliculata. Journal of Ecology, 67, 687-696.

Schonbeck, M.W. & Norton, T.A., 1978. Factors controlling the upper limits of fucoid algae on the shore. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 31, 303-313.

Schonbeck, M.W. & Norton, T.A., 1980. Factors controlling the lower limits of fucoid algae on the shore. Botanica Marina, 23, 141-147.

Schonbeck, M.W. & Norton, T.A., 1979. An investigation of drought avoidance in intertidal fucoid algae. Botanica Marina, 22, 133-144.

Schonbeck, M.W. & Norton, T.A., 1979b. The effects of brief periodic submergence on intertidal algae. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 8, 205-211.

Schone, B.R., 2013. Arctica islandica (Bivalvia): A unique paleoenvironmental archive of the northern North Atlantic Ocean. Global and Planetary Change, 111, 199-225.

Schories, D. & Reise, K., 1993. Germination and anchorage of Enteromorpha spp. In sediments of the Wadden Sea. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 47, 275-285.

Schoschina, E. V., 1996. Seasonal and age dynamics of growth and reproduction of Phycodrys rubens (Rhodophyta) in the Barents and White Seas. Aquatic Botany55 (1), 13-30.

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